Understanding the Scriptures
|Circulated(section heading)||Spread around|
|All the hosts thereof(v. 1)||Everyone in it|
|Advocate(v. 3)||Defender, one who pleads your case|
|Standard(v. 9)||Flag or banner|
|Redemption(vv. 17, 46)||Deliverance|
|Restoration(v. 17)||Bringing back together, gathering|
|Desolation, desolating(vv. 19, 21, 31, 33)||Destruction, destructive|
|Remnant(vv. 24, 43)||Small part or piece|
|Iniquity shall abound(v. 27)||There will be much sin|
|Precepts(v. 29)||Commands, rules|
|Generation(vv. 30–31)||Time period|
|Scourge(v. 31)||Great destruction or affliction|
|Shoot forth(v. 37)||Grow leaves|
|This place(v. 43)||Jerusalem (where Jesus was when He first gave this sermon)|
|This mount(v. 48)||Mount of Olives overlooking Jerusalem|
|Cleave in twain(v. 48)||Split in two|
|Scorner(v. 50)||Someone who treats sacred things with contempt|
|Lament(v. 53)||Mourn, feel deep sorrow|
|Heathen nations(v. 54)||Those who did not hear the gospel or of Christ|
|Refuge(v. 66)||Shelter, safety|
|Terrible(v. 70)||Formidable, unconquerable|
Doctrine and Covenants 45:22–23—“The End of the World”
According toJoseph Smith—Matthew 1:4, “the end of the world” refers to the destruction of the wicked.
Doctrine and Covenants 45:23–26—What Periods of History Are Discussed in This Prophecy?
What Jesus Christ taught inDoctrine and Covenants 45:16–59is more clearly understood when we are aware of the two questions Jesus’s ancient disciples asked. First, they wanted to know about the time when the temple in Jerusalem would be destroyed. Second, they wanted to know about Jesus’s Second Coming, when the wicked would be destroyed and Christ would reign as the King of Kings (Matthew 24:3;Joseph Smith—Matthew 1:4). His disciples thought that those two events would occur during the same time period, but Jesus taught them that they would happen at different times. InDoctrine and Covenants 45:18–21, the Savior generally taught about the destruction of the temple. In verses 22–24 He explained the relationship between the two questions. Verses 25 to 53 deal with the prophecies about the last days and the Second Coming, and verses 54–59 are about the Millennium, or the thousand-year period of time in which Christ will rule on earth.
Doctrine and Covenants 45:25–31—“The Times of the Gentiles”
President Ezra Taft Benson taught:
“The Lord has designated these days in which we live as the ‘times of the Gentiles.’ The Gentile nations are the so-called Christian nations—North and South America and the European nations from which we came. The ‘times of the Gentiles’ refers to that period of time extending from when the gospel was restored to the world (1830) to when the gospel will again be preached to the Jews—after the Gentiles have rejected it. This is how the Lord explained it:
“‘And when the times of the Gentiles is come in, a light shall break forth among them that sit in darkness, and it shall be the fulness of my gospel;
“‘But they receive it not;for they perceive not the light, and they turn their hearts from me because of the precepts of men.
“‘And in that generation shall the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.’ (D&C 45:28–30; italics added.)
“We will know when the times of the Gentiles are approaching fulfillment by these signs:
“‘And in that day shall be heard of wars and rumors of wars, and the whole earth shall be in commotion, and men’s hearts shall fail them, and they shall say that Christ delayeth his coming until the end of the earth.
“‘And the love of men shall wax cold, and iniquity shall abound.’ (D&C 45:26–27.)
“‘And again, this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world, for a witness unto all nations, and then shall the end come, or the destruction of the wicked’ (JST,Matt. 24:32).
“Are we not witnessing the fulfillment of these signs today? The gospel is being extended to all nations which permit our missionaries to penetrate their countries. The Church is prospering and growing. Yet in undiminished fury, and with an anxiety that his time is short—and it is—Satan, that great adversary to all men, is attempting to destroy all we hold dear” (“Prepare Yourself for the Great Day of the Lord,”New Era,May 1982, 47).
Doctrine and Covenants 45:32—“Holy Places”
The Savior said that His disciples would not experience all of the terrible judgments of the last days if they would stand in holy places. What are these holy places? President Ezra Taft Benson taught: “Holy men and women stand in holy places, and these holy places consist of our temples, our chapels, our homes, and stakes of Zion” (Come unto Christ, 115).
The Lord revealed more about these holy places inDoctrine and Covenants 45:64–71, where He taught about the gathering of the Saints and the establishment of Zion.
Doctrine and Covenants 45:60–61—Did Joseph Smith Translate the New Testament?
Doctrine and Covenants 45:60–61refers to the Joseph Smith Translation of the King James Bible. (For more information, the “Understanding the Scriptures” section for Doctrine and Covenants 35:20–21,
Doctrine and Covenants 45:68—What Is Zion?
the information on Zion in “People and Terms in the Doctrine and Covenants” (p. 233).
Studying the Scriptures
Do three of the following activities (A–E) as you studyDoctrine and Covenants 45.
Why Should You Listen?
Find and mark the words and phrases inDoctrine and Covenants 45:1–15that invite us to “listen” to the Lord (look also for words and phrases such as “hearken,” “hear,” and “give ear,” which are invitations to listen). How many times were we invited to listen to Him?
List what those verses teach about Jesus Christ that give us good reasons to listen to Him.
From your list, choose one of the reasons and explain why it is important to you.
When do you think it is hardest to listen to the Lord? How will your list help you to better listen to Him in your life?
Organize and Apply the Information
Draw the following chart in your notebook, with a column for each of the major time periods the Savior spoke of inDoctrine and Covenants 45:16–59. In each column, write what He said would occur during that time period.
Events Prophesied inDoctrine and Covenants 45
Time of Jesus’s Apostles
Time of the Gentiles
Time of the Second Coming
Time of the Millennium
Why do you think the Lord gave us this information?
Explain at least two different ways the information in this revelation could be important in your life.
Analyze the Message
“Great Things Await You”
Suppose your bishop or branch president asked you to give a talk on the last days and the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. He said that many people focus on the negative aspects of the last days and wants you to emphasize the positive events the righteous can look forward to. He also wants you to emphasize what we can do to be prepared to meet the Savior with joy when He comes. List ideas fromDoctrine and Covenants 45that you would want to include in this talk. Note the verses in which each of the ideas are found.
Protection in the Midst of Wickedness
According toDoctrine and Covenants 45:32, how will the Lord’s disciples avoid the wickedness of the last days?
What additional information did the Lord give in verses 62–71?
What else can you add from what the Lord said inDoctrine and Covenants 115:5–6?
Write about ways the Church has been a place of “peace,” “safety,” or “refuge” for you.