Understanding the Scriptures
|Linen (v. 4)||White cloth|
|Breeches (v. 4)||Underclothing|
|Girdle (v. 4)||Sash|
|Cast lots (vv. 8–10)||To throw marked stones or a die for the purpose of randomly choosing something. When holy men cast lots, it was an expression of faith that God would oversee an event and make his will known. In Leviticus 16, one stone was marked for the Lord and another for the scapegoat. When Aaron threw the stones, depending on how they landed, one goat was chosen to be sacrificed and the other was chosen to be the scapegoat.|
|The testimony (v. 13)||The ark of the covenant|
|Hallow (v. 19)||Make sacred|
|Reconciling (v. 20)||Atoning for|
|Stead (v. 32)||Place|
Leviticus 16:10—The Scapegoat
Scapegoat was the name given to the goat that “escaped” into the wilderness, never to return, with the blood, or sins, of the people on him. The scapegoat symbolized that through the Atonement all of Israel’s sins could be forgiven, never to return.
Studying the Scriptures
Do activity A as you study Leviticus 15–16.
A Sacred and Important Ceremony
Leviticus 16:3–28 contains instructions for the priest on the Day of Atonement. The following outline gives six general steps involved in the ceremony. Write answers to the questions about each step.
Why did Aaron need two goats? (see vv. 6–10).
Why do you think Aaron needed to make atonement for himself before making atonement for the people? (see vv. 11–14). How is this step different from when Christ performed His Atonement? (see Hebrews 9:6–14; Alma 34:8–12).
Why would Aaron need to cleanse the holy place of the temple? What does this requirement tell you about the importance of cleanliness in the sight of God and about the power of the Atonement? (see vv. 15–19).
How do both goats (the one used for the offering and the one used as the scapegoat) represent Christ and His Atonement? (see vv. 20–22).