Understanding the Scriptures
|Appointed (v. 2)||Chosen, selected, ordained|
|Heir (v. 2)||One who has the right to receive or inherit something|
|Express image of his person (v. 3)||In His likeness|
|Purged (v. 3)||Cleansed (refers to when Jesus Christ made payment for our sins)|
|Sceptre (v. 8)||Staff or stick symbolizing power|
|Vesture (v. 12)||Piece of clothing|
Hebrews 1:4–8, 13–14; 2:2, 5–9, 16—Angels
The term angel means “messenger.” An angel is any messenger sent by God to do His work. The angels referred to in Hebrews 1–2 were members of Heavenly Father’s family with special callings to serve and do His work. Some angels are Heavenly Father’s spirit children who have not yet come to earth. Others are people who lived on the earth and are (a) spirits in the Spirit World, (b) translated beings (like John the Beloved), or (c) resurrected beings (like Moroni or John the Baptist when they visited Joseph Smith).
Angels without Physical Bodies
Angels with Physical Bodies
Living in the premortal world, waiting to be born
Finished with mortality, living in the spirit world
A perfected resurrected being who has finished mortality
A translated being, like John the Revelator
|Earnest heed (v. 1)||Careful attention|
|Stedfast (v. 2)||Consistent, not subject to change|
|Just recompence of reward (v. 2)||Fair and right punishment|
|Confirmed (v. 3)||Testified and taught|
|Put in subjection (v. 5)||Put under control|
|Sanctifieth, sanctified (v. 11)||Made pure and holy|
|Subject to bondage (v. 15)||Like slaves|
|Behoved (v. 17)||Was necessary|
|Reconciliation (v. 17)||Full payment (so there is no debt to God)|
|Succour (v. 18)||Give comfort and help|
Hebrews 2:7–9—“A Little Lower than the Angels”
In Hebrews 1 Paul taught that Jesus Christ was greater than the angels. Then in Hebrews 2 he said Christ was made a little lower than the angels. How can this be? Actually, both statements are true. In Hebrews 2 Paul taught that although Jesus Christ was greater than all except His Father, He had Himself “lowered” to be born as all other men and to be subject to the ills of mortality (to which angels are not subject). Jesus Christ went far beyond enduring the ills of mortality to suffer the pains of all mankind (see 2 Nephi 9:21). He thus descended below what any of the children of Heavenly Father ever will in mortality. Paul explained that by submitting to the conditions of mortality, by His sufferings and Atonement, Jesus Christ learned mercy and obtained power over all things.
Studying the Scriptures
Do activities A and B as you study Hebrews 1–2.
Learn More about Jesus Christ
List at least five things you learned about Jesus from Hebrews 1:1–4 and 2:9–18.
Paul wrote Hebrews to help the Jewish converts increase their faith in Jesus Christ. Which item on your list do you think would mean the most to them? Why?
Explain how you could use something you learned about Jesus from Hebrews 1–2 to correct a misunderstanding that people have about Him today.
Ponder the Role of Jesus Christ
According to Hebrews 2:9–11, why did Jesus allow Himself to be “made a little lower than the angels”? (see the “Understanding the Scriptures” section above for help).
Find what Paul called Jesus in Hebrews 2:10. How might it make a difference if a person thought of Him that way?
Find in Hebrews 2:11 what Jesus is not ashamed to do. How do you feel knowing that?
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