News of the Church


Sanpete Valley Saints Eagerly Await Manti Temple Rededication

Travelers on U.S. Highway 89 can see the cream-colored oolite stone walls of the Manti, Utah, temple gleaming in the sun while they are nearly half an hour away, even before arriving at the small city of Ephraim seven miles north of the temple.

By night, the building’s walls gleam in the floodlights that spotlight Temple Hill, the site that Brigham Young dedicated for the temple in April of 1877, only months before his death. The hill offers an imposing view of Sanpete Valley.

It was President Young who had sent the first settlers to the valley in 1849, only two years after the first company of pioneers had arrived in the Salt Lake Valley. Led by Isaac Morley, Seth Taft, and Charles Shumway, the settlers founded the fourth Latter-day Saint community in the Rocky Mountains. (It was preceded only by Salt Lake City, Ogden, and Provo, Utah.)

Some of the first settlers, struggling against the cold and against primitive conditions, became discouraged and wanted to move away. But when Scandinavian immigrants began to pour into Utah, they found the cold, rigid climate of the Sanpete Valley to their liking, and the area flourished. In time it became known as the “granary of Utah.”

The Saints’ faith flourished too, and on 21 May 1888 they saw the dedication of the third LDS temple in Utah. Then, as now, the life of the community centered on the Church, and the temple was not only a House of the Lord, it was a symbol of faith.

In many ways, things haven’t changed. The small farming communities of Sanpete Valley have remained about the size they were a generation ago.

That is not to say the communities and people have not progressed.

A small electronics plant and a clothing manufacturing plant employ several hundred people. Ephraim has Snow College, a junior college that attracts young people and has a stake of its own. While grain crops are still grown, Sanpete Valley has a thriving sheep industry and is the center of Utah’s turkey industry. Cattle are also important to the area’s economy.

Nevertheless, “the county is not well off,” comments President Joseph C. Nielsen of the Ephraim Utah Stake. “People here are hard-working,” but “there’s not a lot of prosperity.”

But members are attentive to things of the Spirit. President Nielsen’s stake is evidence of that. Strength of the Church in the area allowed the creation of the Ephraim Stake this year; previously, there had been just one stake in the area since 1851.

“Most of them have a real strong testimony of the gospel. I think the temple does that. I think they’re dedicated to the testimony of the Lord.”

One measure of that dedication is the way Saints in the area take part in putting on the annual “Mormon Miracle” pageant on Temple Hill, scheduled this year for July 11–13, 16–20. It is estimated that a majority of the forty-six hundred members of the two stakes are involved in one way or another. The cast and crew number approximately thirteen hundred, others provide support services.

The youth who participate, many of them year after year, draw spiritual strength and learn history, discipline, organization, and cooperation, President Nielsen says.

For young people from communities of a little more than two thousand inhabitants, it can be a heady feeling to perform before nearly twenty-five thousand people in one night. In recent years, the pageant has been drawing more than 110,000 viewers during its run, says Bishop Richard Olson of the Manti first ward, who has played the role of Mormon for fourteen years now. (At first he played Moroni, he smilingly recalls, but now his “white hair” qualifies him for the more mature role of Moroni’s father.) The pageant, and preparation for it, occupy community energies for nearly half the year.

But as central as the pageant is to the communities of the valley, this year there is something more important—preparing for the rededication of the Manti Temple, which has been closed for remodeling. “It’s going to be a great uplift. People are really waiting for it. They’re getting excited,” Bishop Olson says.

Surely that excitement extends beyond the Sanpete Valley, to communities throughout central and southeastern Utah served by the Manti Temple. However, in Manti there’s a community cleanup, fix-up, paint-up campaign to prepare for the rededication, scheduled for sometime this summer. At the same time, members—including some who have never been to the temple before, are seeking to raise their spirituality—to be able to attend the dedication of the refurbished Manti Temple, Bishop Olson says.

“It’s going to be just like opening up the windows and letting the sun come in after you’ve been in the dark for a long time.”

Ricks College President Appointed Dean of Law School at BYU

Bruce C. Hafen, president of Ricks College, has been named dean of the J. Reuben Clark Law School at Brigham Young University.

His appointment was announced by Bishop Henry B. Eyring, First Counselor in the Presiding Bishopric and commissioner of education for the Church. (Until a replacement is named, Bishop Eyring continues in the commissioner’s role.)

Brother Hafen’s BYU appointment is effective on or before September 1, Bishop Eyring said.

Brother Hafen, who became president of Ricks in 1978, had previously served as an assistant dean for the law school at BYU in 1973–74. Between 1975 and 1977 he was the director of Correlation Evaluation at Church headquarters.

A native of St. George, Utah, he attended Dixie College and BYU. He received his law degree from the University of Utah in 1967 and is a member of the Utah State Bar Association. He worked for four years with a Salt Lake City law firm and then was named an assistant to President Dallin H. Oaks of BYU.

As an assistant to President Oaks, Brother Hafen helped organize the J. Reuben Clark Law School and was a charter member of its faculty. After being named president of Ricks College, Brother Hafen continued his teaching and research activities at BYU’s law school on a part-time basis.

The new dean’s works on legal issues dealing with the family and the Constitution of the United States have been published widely in scholarly journals.

He is currently a member of the Commission on Colleges of the Northwest Association of Schools and Colleges, and president of the American Association of Presidents of Independent Colleges and Universities. In the latter capacity, he has testified during the past year before congressional committees and the United States Civil Rights Commission on the need to protect independent colleges against excessive government regulation. In 1982, he served in Washington, D.C., as a consultant to the office of then-Secretary of Education T. H. Bell.

Also in 1982, Brother Hafen was called as a regional representative in the Rexburg and Rexburg College Regions of the Church.

He and his wife, Marie, are the parents of seven children.

[photo] Bruce C. Hafen

Mission President Assignments

The First Presidency has announced the assignments of fifty-six mission presidents appointed this year, effective July 1.

Australia Sydney

Burton S. Tingey

Belgium Brussels

G. Perrin Walker

Brazil Brasilia

Demar Staniscia

Brazil Porto Alegre

Pedro Brassanini

Brazil Recife

Merrill F. Frost

California Oakland

Wayne S. Peterson

California Santa Rosa

Robert C. Witt

Canada Calgary

R. S. Spafford

Canada Halifax

David E. Sorensen

Canada Winnipeg

H. D. Perrett

Chile Vina del Mar

Arch O. Egbert

Cleveland Ohio

Joseph Elmo Garff

Connecticut Hartford

Richard E. Harris

Costa Rica San Jose

Mervyn B. Arnold

England Bristol

Reed E. Price

England London

Wendell J. Ashton

England London South

Ed J. Pinegar

England Manchester

Dean Jarman

Florida Tampa

L. Lionel Kendrick

Georgia Atlanta

Wayne A. Mineer

Germany Hamburg

Elijah A. Cardon

Ghana Accra

Miles H. Cunningham

Honduras Tegucigalpa

Manuel Najera

Indonesia Jakarta

Effian Kadarusman

Italy Catania

Dwight B. William

Jamaica Kingston

Richard L. Brough

Japan Fukuoka

John Sakamaki

Japan Nagoya

David R. Broadhead

Japan Okayama

D. Glenn Hawkins

Japan Sapporo

Rulon D. Munns

Japan Tokyo North

Lamont W. Moon

Korea Seoul

Do Whan Lee

Massachusetts Boston

Kem C. Gardner

Mexico Hermosillo

Armando J. Gaona

Mexico Mexico City South

L. E. Bluth, Jr.

Mexico Torreon

Victor M. Cerda

Michigan Dearborn

John D. Jeffrey

Mississippi Jackson

Jerry E. Callister

Missouri Independence

Lloyd J. Cope

Montana Billings

John J. Kunzler

Netherlands Amsterdam

Paul L. Ward

North Carolina Charlotte

Lamar H. Stewart

Peru Trujillo

Roberto Vidal

Philippines Baguio

Heber J. Badger

Philippines Cebu

A. Roy Boulter

Singapore

Harold E. DeLaMar

South Dakota Rapid City

William S. Bush

Spain Madrid

J. Michael Paya

Spain Seville

D. Chad Richardson

Taiwan Taipei

Larry Y. C. Chen

Texas Dallas

J. M. Bushnell

Thailand Bangkok

Floyd B. Weed

Uruguay Montevideo

Eduardo Ayala

Utah Salt Lake City North

Lloyd V. Owen

Venezuela Maracaibo

Cesar H. Cacuango

West Indies

J. Roy Caddick

[photo] Mission presidents go worldwide to direct an increasing number of missionaries.

Update: Missions, 1985

Update: Full-time Missionaries, 1985

“More missionaries are needed,” President Spencer W. Kimball has said in his ongoing encouragement to Church members to carry the gospel to the world. The above graphs show how we have done over a five-year period. Of interest, mission lengths for young men were reduced from 24 months to 18 months, effective April 1, 1982, and were again extended to 24 months, effective January 1, 1985, which resulted in a reduced number of missionaries serving in 1983 and parts of 1982 and 1984.

Year

Number of Missions

Number of Missionaries

July 1980

189

30,335

July 1981

188

29,019

July 1982

180

27,721

July 1983

178

25,783

July 1984

182

26,901

July 1985

188

28,283 *

  1.   *

    As of April 23, 1985.

His Design Was a Sound Idea

Katsutoshi Ohta’s work is in demand. As a designer of custom microphones for popular Japanese entertainers and others, he is often involved in unusual assignments.

But this one from his supervisor was a bit vague: “A Christian church in the United States wants a special microphone for a pulpit.” It was to be used in a large building, and it needed to be small.

Brother Ohta, a member of the Machida Second Ward, Machida Japan Stake, was only familiar with one large Christian Church building in the United States—the Salt Lake Tabernacle. So he designed the microphone with that building in mind, hoping it would be suitable for whoever had ordered it.

It was by chance that Brother Ohta learned what happened to his microphone. He saw it in a photograph—in the conference issue of the Church’s International Magazine. It was being used by General Relief Society President Barbara Winder as she spoke in the Tabernacle.

Few members have the opportunity to contribute in any material way to the enjoyment of conference sessions by others, but now Brother Ohta has the satisfaction of knowing he is one of them.

BYU Professor Tracing Path of Book of Abraham Papyri

Between 1818 and 1821, a group of mummies was taken from an Egyptian tomb into the light of day for the first time in centuries.

In mid-1835, the Church bought four of those mummies, along with two or more rolls of papyri. The Prophet Joseph Smith then obtained, through revelation, what we now have as the Book of Abraham in the Pearl of Great Price.

Those events—the unearthing of the mummies and their later purchase in Kirtland—are known to have occurred, but much of what happened in between has puzzled scholars for 150 years.

Many Church members, of course, have read how the mummies and papyri came from Egypt to Kirtland, Ohio. The story is recorded in Church history; it was told by Michael H. Chandler, the man from whom the mummies were purchased, and was written by Oliver Cowdery. But that story has been the subject of intense study. “The historical background of the Book of Abraham has always been obscure in the Church,” says H. Donl Peterson, a professor of ancient scripture at Brigham Young University.

Bit by bit, however, facts have come to light to establish what happened after the mummies were removed from their long-darkened tomb. With the help of researchers in Italy, during the past year Dr. Peterson has discovered the will of the man who brought the mummies out of Egypt, along with other documents that shed light on the character of the man himself and record the journeying of the mummies and papyri.

Briefly, the story told to Oliver Cowdery by Michael Chandler relates that crews directed by Antonio Lebolo unearthed eleven mummies with accompanying writings in Egypt in 1831. Mr. Lebolo was traveling to Paris, but en route he put in at Trieste, where he became ill and died. It was said his will specified that the mummies and papyri be sent to his nephew, Michael Chandler, of Dublin, Ireland. From Dublin, they were sent on to New York City, where Mr. Chandler claimed them in the winter or spring of 1833. He exhibited them throughout the eastern United States. While in New York City, he was told by a stranger that Joseph Smith could translate ancient languages. Two years later Mr. Chandler took his exhibit to Kirtland, Ohio, where the mummies and papyri were shown to Joseph Smith.

The Prophet was asked to translate a few of the characters from the papyri. His translation agreed, so far as Mr. Chandler could determine, with translations offered by learned men in the East. Shortly, a sale was negotiated; with money from two major donors and subscription donations by the Saints, the Church bought the four mummies and the papyri.

One overriding certainty about the papyri is that it resulted in inspired scripture. But questions about how the papyri came to the United States and into the hands of Joseph Smith have remained unanswered since 1835. What, for example, was the real relationship between Antonio Lebolo, the Piedmontese gendarme sometimes referred to as a “celebrated French traveler,” and Michael Chandler, an Irishman? Where is proof that the mummies were in truth willed to Mr. Chandler? Were the mummies actually sent from Trieste to Dublin, then on to New York City? Some of Mr. Lebolo’s contemporaries in Egypt paint him as a villain; what kind of man was he really?

These are just “some of the questions we’ve never had any answers to,” Brother Peterson says.

Some information was already available before Brother Peterson began his research. It was known that Antonio Lebolo, from the Piedmont area in what is now Italy, worked in excavations in Egypt in the late second and early third decade of the 1800s. He was employed by Bernardino Drovetti, another Piedmontese who was later French consul general in Egypt. Dr. Peterson’s research has revealed that Drovetti had distinguished himself as a colonel under Napoleon and that Lebolo had served as a French officer in the gendarmarie in the Piedmont. (Legal documents show that Mr. Lebolo signed his first name in its French form—“Antoine”—during the Napoleonic occupation.) When Napoleon was deposed, it became politically necessary for Lebolo to leave the country.

In Egypt, Antonio Lebolo was the supervisor of tomb excavations in the Theban area for his friend Drovetti. “The digs were taking place in El Gournah, on the west bank of the Nile, across from the ancient city of Thebes, which is the present city of Luxor,” Brother Peterson explains. The science of archaeology was then in its infancy at best, and it would be inaccurate to call the excavators archaeologists. They looted tombs of artifacts and mummies that went not only to some of the most prestigious museums in Europe, but also to private collections of the wealthy who exhibited their Egyptian curios for guests.

It was a “dirty business” that bred not only competition, Brother Peterson points out, but also thievery and, sometimes, violence. Antonio Lebolo was accused of both. It is important to note that his accusers have been labeled as equally guilty by other observers, and their accounts may be self-serving. From this distance in time, it may be impossible to learn the truth, Brother Peterson says. However, reports of one countryman, Count Carlo Vidua, indicate that Mr. Lebolo was a conscientious Drovetti employee who unearthed a number of Ptolemaic mummies (from the period of Greek influence in Egypt) on his own time. These were mummies from members of the priestly class, who took great care to preserve their important papyri documents. Lebolo hosted many European dignitaries amid the ruins of the Theban excavations.

While in Italy in 1984 to research Antonio Lebolo, Brother Peterson and his research assistant, Bruce H. Porter, enlisted the aid of Church members Adriano Comollo, a former BYU student who had also had some training in genealogical research; his wife Jerrilyn, originally from Arizona; and Patricia Pianea, an interpreter and translator. While Brother Peterson was researching in Egypt, Brother Comollo located the will of Antonio Lebolo in the papers of a notary named Buffa who served Mr. Lebolo beginning in 1810. The notary, equivalent to a family lawyer, had been serving the Lebolo family since the late 1700s.

Brother Peterson returned to Italy to join in the search and photograph the documents. The Comollos continued the effort after the BYU professor returned to Utah. They discovered documents that fill in many of the blanks about Antonio Lebolo’s life from his first marriage in 1797 until his death in 1830.

The documents indicate, for example, that Lebolo returned to his home in Castellamonte sometime in 1825 or 1826. Lebolo’s first wife had died in 1821 in Castellamonte while Lebolo was exiled in Egypt. His second wife was from Africa—a black woman who had been a slave. Antonio Lebolo had seen that she received a Christian education and married her in June 1824. She had two small daughters, and one of them apparently became gravely ill for a time in Trieste during their return trip to Italy. She had been given some last rites by a priest—hence, perhaps, the story that Antonio Lebolo had himself died in Trieste, Brother Peterson suggests. Three sons were born to Antonio and his African wife, Anna Marie.

The papers of the notary show that Antonio Lebolo was a respected man in Castellamonte, “very well-to-do” at the time of his death on 19 February 1830, but he was not a very good manager, Brother Peterson says. His will disposed of assets valued at 30,000 lira, but much of that was in uncollectible debts. There was no mention of any mummies.

An 1831 document pertaining to the Lebolo family, however, makes it clear that Pietro, Antonio’s oldest son by his first wife, Marie, traveled to Trieste to obtain money on behalf of the family for eleven mummies that had been entrusted to one Albano Oblassa. Pietro was also authorized to obtain payment for a menagerie of exotic animals his father had sold to a couple. Lebolo had kept ostriches while living in Trieste, and since ostrich feathers were highly prized for fashionable dress, these may have been ostriches.

Documents show that the mummies were subsequently sent from Trieste to New York. Dublin, Ireland, is not mentioned in the document. An Italian man in Philadelphia was commissioned to serve as an agent for the Lebolo family to sell the mummies in the United States. Among the Lebolo papers, there are letters inquiring about the money that was to have come from the sale.

“How Michael Chandler fits in is still a mystery,” Brother Peterson comments. His connection with the Lebolo family, if any, and how he came into possession of the Egyptian artifacts have yet to be established. But Brother Peterson says he has discovered sixty-one Philadelphia newspaper advertisements for the Chandler exhibit.

Michael Chandler sold the mummies over a two-year period. Two or more went to the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, where they were used as cadavers for medical students. By the time he arrived in Kirtland, Ohio, he had only four left. Joseph Coe (later a troublesome apostate) and Simeon Andrews each contributed $800 toward the $2,400 purchase price for Mr. Chandler’s Egyptian items; member donations made up the rest. The mummies and the papyri were presented to the Prophet Joseph Smith.

Documents show, Brother Peterson adds, that Mr. Chandler had been pursued for several years by lawsuits, probably as a result of the Egyptian artifacts, including one suit filed in Geauga county, where Kirtland is located. Evidently the suits were unsuccessful. For $600—just one quarter of the money he got for the mummies and papyri—Mr. Chandler bought a fine Parkman, Ohio, farm, settled into the life of a farmer, and raised a family of twelve children. He died in October 1866.

A Conversation about Using Copyrighted Materials at Home and Church

Because questions are often asked about the use of copyrighted materials in Church activities, the Ensign spoke with Carl Johnson, manager of the Church Copyrights and Permissions Office, in an attempt to answer most frequently asked questions.

Q: What is copyright and why is it important?

A: Copyright is the protection given by law to “original works of authorship” such as literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic works as well as art, photography, sculpture, and audiovisual and sound recordings.

Q: How can I tell if a work is copyrighted?

A: All unpublished work is automatically protected by copyright. Works published in the United States should bear a notice such as “Copyright ©1985 by John Smith.” Materials published without the copyright notice affixed can be presumed to be in the public domain and can be freely copied or used.

Q: If material is copyrighted, does one automatically assume that it can’t be copied?

A: Not necessarily. You may do anything you want with copyrighted material, provided you first get the owner’s permission. Also, the law allows limited use of copyrighted works for such purposes as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (which includes multiple copies for classroom use, but not for sale), scholarship, or research.

Q: Does that mean it’s all right to photocopy published materials to pass out in Relief Society classes, family home evenings, and so forth?

A: On uncopyrighted materials there is no problem. If materials are copyrighted by the Church (by Corporation of the President or by the earlier designations of Trustee-in-trust, Deseret Sunday School Union, etc., of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), it is permissible to make copies for use in home or Church activities but not for any commercial use. In magazines or manuals the Church may frequently reproduce songs, poetry, paintings, or other materials that are not owned by the Church but are used by permission. Where this appears to be the case, the Church has no authority to permit additional usage and caution should be taken. But making copies may still be permissible if the situation meets the requirements explained in the answer to the previous question.

Patterns or instructions for making clothing, needlework, dolls, toys, and similar items copyrighted by anyone other than the Church should not be duplicated for group handicraft sessions. The copying of any item that would otherwise be purchased is viewed as adversely affecting the market for that item.

Q: Can I photocopy music to provide enough copies for the ward choir?

A: For music copyrighted by anyone other than the Church, definitely not. Other churches have been held liable in multimillion dollar lawsuits for such practices. However, it is generally permissible to reproduce music copyrighted by the Church on programs handed out to the congregation for stake conferences or other large gatherings. (The copyright notices must be reproduced with the music.) Remember that not all music appearing in Church publications is owned by the Church; only Church-copyrighted music can be duplicated on such occasions.

Q: Without permission, may we perform plays and musicals copyrighted by anyone other than the Church, if no admission is charged?

A: No. Performance of all or part of a copyrighted play in a Church building or other public place requires the permission of the copyright owner, whether or not admission is charged. If the copyright is owned by the Church, such permission is not required.

Q: Is it all right to write our own words to popular songs and perform them in roadshows?

A: Copyrighted music may be played if there is no admission charged and none of the performers or directors are paid. Such music may be played as an accompaniment or as part of an original skit or road-show. Recordings of such music may also be used.

Q: Are there any problems in showing rented movies on VCR sets, either at a meetinghouse or at a member’s home where a class or priesthood quorum is gathered for a social?

A: There could be. The prerecorded videocassettes and videodiscs most commonly available for rent or purchase are designated for home use only. The purchaser or renter may not exhibit such materials in any type of public performance beyond the scope of the family and close social acquaintances. Class or quorum activities (even if held in the home) would be considered a public performance.

Q: What about using commercial recordings, videotapes, and instruction manuals in ward or stake approved aerobic exercise classes?

A: Check materials carefully for any notice of restrictions or requirements before using. If no such warnings exist, books and records may be utilized. Also, some video recordings of this type carry specific statements allowing group use, and so may be used without any problem.

Q: Three questions: 1) May I tape general conference and other Church-related events on my audio or video tape recorders at home? 2) May I duplicate Church-produced films and videos? 3) May my church unit record Church-sponsored satellite broadcasts?

A: 1) Yes. Individuals may record any program broadcast over television or radio for their own personal, noncommercial use.

2) No. Church-made films and video materials must not be duplicated—either by individuals or Church units—except as directed or approved by Church Headquarters.

3) Yes. When a satellite broadcast is intended for recording—such as general conference or a Church fireside—a statement of permission to record for Church purposes is included in the notice of the broadcast. Each meeting-house in a stake is authorized to have a copy of such broadcasts in its library, and copyright notices shown in the telecast must be included on and in each copy. No commercial gain is allowed—that is, copies must not be sold or rented and no admission fees can be charged. “Music and the Spoken Word,” BYU sports events, and other programs which are also broadcast by commercial stations must not be reproduced by local Church units unless specific permission is granted by the sponsors and copyright owners.

[photos] Photography by Longin Lonczyna

Church’s International Magazines Change Format, Printing Schedule

The Church’s eighteen different-language magazines—known as a unit as the International Magazines—have changed from twelve issues yearly to eight issues yearly, but have increased in size.

The changes are to provide a “more serviceable publication for the 120,000 Latter-day Saint subscribers who receive the magazines in countries throughout the world,” says Larry Hiller, managing editor of the magazines.

The International Magazines will now print six regular issues and two general conference issues.

They are a widely used resource for Latter-day Saints in areas where there is not as much printed Church material available as in English-speaking countries. For members in some language areas, the magazines are their only communication from Church headquarters in Salt Lake City, aside from bulletins and correspondence that go to priesthood leaders only.

The magazines are printed in Chinese, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, English (in the Philippines, where so many different languages are spoken locally), Portuguese, Samoan, Spanish, Swedish, Tahitian, Thai, and Tongan.

The Thai and Tongan magazines, just recently authorized, are classified as “beginning” editions. They provide First Presidency messages and a few other appropriate articles, Brother Hiller said.

Most of the content for the International Magazines is translated from the Ensign, New Era, or Friend. But editions in the various languages may contain up to sixteen pages of regional and local news.

For the most part, translation is done in the language areas, with design suggestions and materials for illustrations provided from Salt Lake City. To meet specific needs of the countries involved, however, Samoan, Tongan, and Spanish translation are handled in Salt Lake City. In the case of Spain and the various Latin American countries, this arrangement provides an “international Spanish.”

From Salt Lake City, materials for the magazines go to eight international printing centers: Sao Paulo, Brazil; Auckland, New Zealand; Hong Kong; Seoul, Korea; Tokyo, Japan; Bangkok, Thailand; Papeete, Tahiti; Mexico City, Mexico; San José, Costa Rica; Lima, Perú; Santiago, Chile; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Bogotá, Colombia; Madrid, Spain; and Frankfurt, West Germany. In Frankfurt, the magazine is printed in eight European languages.

The magazines are printed in numerous Latin American countries to reduce shipping and customs problems.

Members in English-speaking areas of the Church may subscribe to the International Magazines or send gift subscriptions for any of the magazines’ eighteen languages. From English-language areas of the Church, subscriptions are best handled by the Church Magazines subscription office at 50 East North Temple, Salt Lake City, UT 84150, U.S.A. That office can also provide information on subscription costs in various areas.

[photo] Two of the Church’s international magazines—one in Japanese, left and center, and another in Korean, right—in their new format. (Photography by Michael M. McConkie.)

Smoking a Major Third World Problem, Health Expert Says

By the year 2000, the results of smoking will represent the number one health problem for “Third World” countries, the president-elect of the American Public Health Association said in Salt Lake City recently.

Dr. William Foege spoke at the annual meetings of the governing board of the Thrasher Research Fund, a non-profit organization which promotes health research and demonstration projects for children throughout the world. The Thrasher fund was established by Mr. and Mrs. Al Thrasher. It is administered by Deseret Trust which is owned by the Church.

“Over the last couple of decades, smoking rates in the Third World have increased,” said the doctor, immediate past director of the United States’ Center for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia. “Today, forty-six percent of Third World teenagers are constant smokers—they smoke all the time. That is twice the rate in the United States.”

One of the key ways to help these nations deal with the problem of smoking among their youth is to implement cutbacks in tobacco advertising, he recommended. “We could immunize the children of the Third World for what we spend in this country just to advertise cigarettes. A billion and a half dollars are spent on advertising cigarettes each year.”

He noted that the world’s health picture is not entirely bleak.

“It’s encouraging to see infant mortality rates decreasing around the world, and life expectancy increasing. It is still a marvel to me, but it has now been over seven years since there has been a case of smallpox. The program of expanded immunization in the World Health Organization has been able to increase the coverage from ten percent to about thirty percent. About fifty percent of children in Third World countries now have some contact with immunization programs, even if it’s only a single dose of vaccine.

“I’m confident that in my lifetime I’ll see three diseases disappear from the world, and perhaps four or five,” the doctor said. He noted that an international service organization has offered to provide all the polio vaccine any Third World country can use for the next five years—potentially a $120 million-commitment—and that private industry is beginning to show interest in helping with health problems.

To help defeat health problems, he said, it is important for people around the world to see themselves as global citizens and concern themselves with the problems of the earth’s next generation.

Japanese Television Focuses on Latter-day Saints

Several Latter-day Saints from Southern California have appeared in Japanese television programs recently as representatives of their age or peer group in the United States.

Couples who had just been married in the Los Angeles Temple, an LDS father, and an LDS schoolboy were filmed for programs which aired on January 26, April 14, and April 21 in Japan. The programs were developed through the efforts of Kozumi Hotai, a Japanese free-lance producer from Van Nuys, California.

The first segment, produced for “The Sunday Special,” a news magazine program, contrasted a Japanese Shinto wedding with a Catholic Brazilian ceremony and an American wedding at the Los Angeles Temple.

Three couples were interviewed as they came out of the temple. “We chose the Latter-day Saint temple because the Mormon Church is the most famous in Japan,” said Hiroyoshi Suzuki, the producer of the show. “You have the most fundamental and traditional approach to marriage.”

The other two segments, filmed in Orange County, were for the national program “World News.” They contrasted the role of a Japanese father with that of an American father, and the life of a Japanese schoolboy with that of an American boy. Featured in these segments were Todd Christensen, a father of four who serves as ward clerk in the Corona First Ward, Corona California Stake, and a member of the Los Angeles Raiders football team; and ten-year-old Eric Poole, one of six children of Bishop Dennis Poole of the Yorba Linda Second Ward, Placentia California Stake.

The Japanese were impressed with Brother Christensen’s involvement with his children. “The Japanese father is not involved with his family like his American counterpart,” Mr. Hotai said. “The Japanese will be surprised to see how he helps in the home.”

The television crew filmed Eric Poole’s “typical day,” from breakfast to an evening of planning a backpack trip with his family. Mr. Hotai commented that the Japanese producers were impressed “with the closeness and supportive attitude” of the family.

[photo] Newly married couples were interviewed outside the Los Angeles Temple for a Japanese television program. (Photography by Carolyn S. Allen.)

Policies and Announcements

The following items are from the May 1985 Bulletin.

Curriculum Supplies. All curriculum supplies used by a teacher in a ward or branch are to be purchased from the ward or branch budget. Priesthood or auxiliary leaders should write the name of the unit on the cover of each manual or handbook, because these materials are the property of the unit. If they are well cared for, they can be used for several years. Teachers should not remove pages from the lesson manuals and should keep the flannel board figures in an envelope inside the back cover. Teachers and leaders should use the curriculum materials with care and return them to the priesthood or auxiliary leader when they are released.

Revised Individual and Marriage Entry Forms. To simplify the process of submitting ancestral names for temple work, revised individual and marriage entry forms have been developed. These simplified forms are now available at no charge at the Salt Lake Distribution Center (Individual Entry, PFGS0095; Marriage Entry, PFGS0109). It is recommended that the present forms be discarded and that the revised forms be used.

Appointments

Temple President

Harlan W. Clark, a Salt Lake City attorney and former mission president in South Africa, has been called as president of the Johannesburg South Africa Temple, expected to be dedicated later this year. His wife, Geraldine Merkley Clark, will serve as temple matron.

Regional Representatives

Joseph Vernon Cook, Jr., a San Mateo, California, physician, has been called as a regional representative for the Hayward and Oakland California Regions. He has previously served as president of the Pacifica and San Francisco California Stakes.

Harold Gordon Hillam, an Idaho Falls, Idaho, orthodontist, has been called as regional representative for the Ammon Idaho and Idaho Falls Idaho Regions. He has previously served as a stake president and mission president.

Burns Roy Sabey, a professor at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, has been called as regional representative for the Big Horn Wyoming, Billings Montana, and Casper Wyoming Regions. He is a former stake president.

Stake Presidents

Anchorage Alaska Stake—R. Dan Farr; Bluffdale Utah Stake (new, from a division of the Riverton Utah Stake)—Michael Val Jeppson; Brigham Young University Eleventh Stake—Robert H. Daines; Brigham Young University Seventh Stake—Walter L. Ames; Brigham Young University Sixth Stake—Erlend D. Peterson; Brigham Young University Twelfth Stake—Horace G. Hilton.

Cincinnati Ohio North Stake (new, from a division of the Cincinnati Ohio Stake)—William Budge Wallis, Jr.; Cincinnati Ohio Stake—George McVey; Ephraim Utah Stake (new, from the Manti Utah Stake)—Joseph C. Nielsen; Ephrata Washington Stake—Keith B. Child; Ft. Lauderdale Florida Stake—Terrence J. Barry.

Las Vegas Nevada Green Valley Stake (new, from a division of the Las Vegas Nevada Paradise and Henderson Nevada West Stakes)—Roger Lee Hunt; Lima Peru San Luis Stake—Rodolfo Maximo Casos; Meeker Colorado Stake—Barry C. Shideler; New Albany Indiana Stake—Ronald Edwin Lund; Nice France Stake—Jacques R. Faudin.

Orem Utah North Stake—W. Ladd Hollist; Orem Utah Northeast Stake (new, from a division of Orem Utah North Stake)—Jerry C. Washburn; Orem Utah Sharon West Stake—David N. Peterson; Park City Utah Stake (new, from a division of the Kamas Utah Stake)—B. Douglas Glad; Puebla Mexico Valsequillo Stake—Angel Viveros Garcia.

Rio de Janeiro Brazil Madureira Stake—Fernando Jose da Rocha Carmargo; Riverton Utah Stake—Monte E. Maynard; Sacramento California Stake—Herbert Theodore Schramm; Salt Lake Ensign Stake—V. Stanley Benfell, Jr.; Salt Lake Winder West Stake—Rex C. Stallings; Santa Ana El Salvador El Molino Stake—Martin H. Mazariego; Sao Jose Dos Campos Brazil Stake (new, from a division of the Sao Paulo Brazil East Stake)—Eric Brito Correa; Sao Paulo Brazil East Stake—Sergio C. Munhoz; Seoul Korea East Stake—Bon Dong Koo.

Snow College Utah Stake (new, from the Manti Utah Stake)—Allen Peter Jacobsen; Tarlac Philippines Stake—Dionisio Publico Arcansalin; Tucson Arizona East Stake—James M. Moeller; Tucson Arizona North Stake—Donald D. Hooks; Tucson Arizona Rincon Stake (new, from a division of the Tucson Arizona, Tucson Arizona North, and Tucson Arizona East Stakes)—Ernest G. Blain; Tucson Arizona Stake—Richard R. Burton.