Old Testament Times at a Glance


Old Testament Times at a Glance

Chart 1 From Adam to Moses (dates are approximate)

Old Testament Times at a Glance(click to view larger) Old Testament Times at a Glance(click to view larger)

(Clark Kelley Price; Peter Breughel, the elder; Ted Henninger)

Event

Scripture

Description

1

Gen. 4:1–16; Moses 5:16–41

Cain kills his younger brother Abel out of jealousy and greed (see Bible Dictionary [BD], “Abel” and “Cain,”600, 628).

2

D&C 107:53–57

Adam gathers his righteous posterity and blesses them three years before his death (see BD, “Patriarch,” 742).

3

Gen. 5:24; Moses 7:18–23, 68–69

Enoch and the city of Zion live in righteousness for 365 years and are taken into heaven, or translated (see BD, “Enoch” and “Zion,” 665, 792–93).

4

Gen. 6–8; Moses 8

Noah and his family are saved from the Flood, which baptizes and cleanses the earth because of the wickedness of the people (see BD, “Ark” and “Noah,” 613, 738–39).

5

Gen. 11:1–9; Hel. 6:28; Ether 1

Tower of Babel is built, languages are confounded, and the Jaredites leave for America (see BD, “Babylon,” 618).

6

Gen. 11:27–12:9; Abr. 1–2:20

Abraham journeys to Canaan and receives his divine call and covenant (see BD, “Abraham” and “Abraham, Covenant of,” 601–2).

7

JST, Gen. 14:25–40; Alma 13:14–19

Melchizedek and his city of Salem are taken into heaven, or translated (see BD, “Melchizedek,” “Salem,” and “Shem,” 730, 768, 773).

8

Gen. 18:16–19:29

The Lord destroys the wicked cities of Sodom and Gomorrah with fire from heaven (see BD, “Gomorrah,” 682).

9

Gen. 23

Sarah, Abraham’s wife, dies and is buried at Hebron (see BD, “Hebron” and “Sarah,” 699, 769).

10

Gen. 25:19–28

Isaac and Rebekah have twin sons, Esau and Jacob (see BD, “Birthright,” “Edom,” “Esau,” and “Jacob,” 625, 660, 667, 708–9).

11

Gen. 28:10–35:29

Jacob marries, has 12 sons and a daughter born to him, and establishes a covenant with God (see BD, “Abraham, Covenant of,” 602).

12

Gen. 37

Joseph’s brothers sell him into Egypt because of jealousy over his visions and his natural right to the birthright blessing (see BD, “Joseph,” 716–17).

13

Gen. 42:1–47:12

Jacob and his family move to Egypt and settle in the land of Goshen (see BD, “Egypt” and “Goshen,” 660–61, 682).

14

Ex. 1–2

Descendants of Jacob (Israelites) are in bondage in Egypt (see BD, “Egypt,” 660–61).

15

Ex. 3–4

Moses is called to lead the Israelites out of bondage in Egypt (see BD, “Burning Bush,” “Moses,” and “Pharaoh,” 627, 734–35, 750).

16

Ex. 5–14

The Lord saves the Israelites from the Egyptians during their exodus (see BD, “Exodus, Book of,” 668).

17

Ex. 19–40

Moses and the Israelites receive the law of Moses from God at Mount Sinai and build the temple-tabernacle (see BD, “Ark of the Covenant,” “Commandments, The Ten,” “Law of Moses,” “Sinai,” and “Tabernacle,” 613–14, 648, 722–23, 775, 778–80; Bible Map 2 [1999 edition]).

18

Num. 10–32

The Israelites reject the true report of the spies and journey in the wilderness for 40 years (see BD, “Caleb” and “Wilderness of the Exodus,” 628, 789; Bible Map 2).

19

Josh. 1–12

Israel enters and conquers the promised land (see BD, “Joshua” and “Joshua, Book of,” 717–18; Bible Map 2).

20

Ether 1–2

Jaredites’ language is not confounded, and the Lord commands them to leave for America at the time of the Tower of Babel.

21

Ether 3

The brother of Jared sees Jesus Christ.

22

Ether 6

Jaredites arrive in America.

23

Ether 8:4–19

Akish forms secret combinations.

24

Ether 9:14–22

Emer is anointed king and sees Jesus Christ.

25

Ether 9:30–35

Great famine and poisonous snakes cause the people to be humble before the Lord.

Chart 2 From Moses to Solomon (dates are approximate)

Event

Scripture

Description

26

Josh. 13–21

Joshua divides the land among the tribes (see BD, “Palestine,” 740; Bible Map 3).

27

Judg. 3:12–30

Ehud slays Eglon, king of Moab, and judges Israel for 80 years (see BD, “Ehud,” “Judges, The,” “Judges, Book of,” and “Moab,” 661, 719–20, 733).

28

Judg. 4–5

Jael slays Sisera, captain of the Canaanite armies, and Deborah and Barak judge Israel for 40 years (see BD, “Barak,” “Canaan,” “Deborah,” and “Jael,” 619, 629, 655, 709).

29

Judg. 6–8

Gideon defeats the Midianites with a small army and judges Israel for 40 years (see BD, “Gideon” and “Midianites,” 680, 732).

30

Judg. 11–12

Jephthah defeats the Ammonites and judges Israel for six years (see BD, “Ammon” and “Jephthah,” 607, 711).

31

Judg. 13–15

Samson begins to deliver the Israelites from the Philistines and judges Israel for 20 years (see BD, “Nazarite,” “Philistines,” and “Samson,” 737, 751, 768).

32

Ruth 1–4

Ruth marries her kinsman Boaz (see BD, “Boaz,” “Levirate Marriage,” and “Ruth,” 626, 724, 764).

33

1 Sam. 1–3

Elkanah and Hannah consecrate their son, Samuel, to the Lord and to serve in the tabernacle with Eli, the high priest (see BD, “Hannah” and “Samuel,” 698, 768–69).

34

1 Sam. 8–10

The Israelites ask Samuel for a king, and Saul is anointed king (see BD, “Samuel” and “Saul,” 768–69).

35

1 Sam. 13–16

Saul disobeys the Lord, and Samuel anoints David to be the future king (see BD, “David,” 653–54).

36

1 Sam. 17

David slays Goliath (see BD, “Goliath,” 682).

37

1 Sam. 24, 26

David spares the life of King Saul even though Saul is trying to kill him (see BD, “Anoint,” 609).

38

1 Sam. 31

King Saul and his son Jonathan are slain in battle with the Philistines (see BD, “Jonathan,” 716).

39

2 Sam. 5, 8–10

David expands the conquests and political borders of Israel and makes Jerusalem the capital of Israel (see BD, “David,” “Jerusalem,” and “Palestine,” 653–54, 712, 740; Bible Map 4).

40

2 Sam. 11–12

David places Uriah in battlefront so he will be killed, and marries Bathsheba. The prophet Nathan delivers the Lord’s rebuke (see BD, “Nathan,” 737).

41

2 Sam. 15–18

Absalom tries to take the kingdom from his father, David, and is slain (see BD, “Absalom” and “Joab,” 602, 713).

42

1 Kgs. 1–2

Solomon becomes king despite a rebellion by his brother Adonijah (see BD, “Adonijah” and “Solomon,” 604, 775).

43

1 Kgs. 5–8

Solomon builds and dedicates the temple at Jerusalem (see BD, “Temple of Solomon,” 782–83).

44

1 Kgs. 11

Solomon turns his heart to the worship of false gods through his marriages.

Chart 3 From Solomon to Malachi (dates are approximate)

From Solomon to Malachi(click to view larger) From Solomon to Malachi(click to view larger)

(Jerry Harston; Harry Anderson; Robert Barrett; Clark Kelley Price)

Event

Scripture

Description

KINGDOM OF JUDAH

45

1 Kgs. 12

After Solomon’s death, Rehoboam becomes king. Part of his kingdom rebels, leaving him to rule over the kingdom of Judah (see BD, “Jew,” “Judah, Kingdom of,” and “Rehoboam,” 713, 718–19, 760).

46

1 Kgs. 14:25–26

Shishak, pharaoh of Egypt, plunders the temple at Jerusalem during the days of King Rehoboam (see BD, “Pharaoh” and “Shishak,” 750, 774).

47

2 Chr. 14–16

Asa seeks God’s help and defeats the kingdom of Ethiopia (see BD, “Asa” and “Ethiopia,” 614, 667).

48

2 Kgs. 11–12

Jehoash (Joash), with the help of Jehoiada the high priest, restores Jehovah worship and repairs the temple at Jerusalem (see BD, “Jehoiada,” 710).

49

2 Kgs. 16

Ahaz makes an alliance with Assyria, contrary to Isaiah’s prophetic counsel (see BD, “Ahaz,” “Isaiah,” and “Tiglath-pileser,” 605, 707, 785).

50

2 Kgs. 18–20; Isa. 37–39

Isaiah advises King Hezekiah in his battle against the Assyrians (see BD, “Hezekiah,” “Isaiah,” and “Sennacherib,” 702, 707, 771).

51

2 Kgs. 19:35–36; Isa. 37:36–37

An angel of God slays 185,000 Assyrians, saving the kingdom of Judah from being carried away like the kingdom of Israel (see BD, “Assyria,” 615).

52

2 Kgs. 21:1–18

Manasseh kills the Lord’s prophets, including Isaiah, and practices great wickedness (see BD, “Manasseh” and “Molech,” 728, 733).

53

2 Kgs. 22:1–23:28

Josiah restores the temple and reads the scriptures to the people (see BD, “High Places” and “Josiah,” 702, 718).

54

2 Kgs. 23:29–37

Pharaoh Necho and the Egyptians rule over Judah until defeated by Babylonians (see BD, “Necho” and “Pharaoh,” 738, 750).

55

Jer. 37–38

Nebuchadnezzar rules over Judah; Jeremiah is imprisoned (see BD, “Jeremiah” and “Nebuchadnezzar,” 711, 737–38).

56

2 Chr. 36:11–12; 1 Ne. 1–2

Jeremiah and others preach in Jerusalem. Lehi leaves for America.

57

2 Kgs. 24:1; Jer. 46:2; Dan. 1:1–6

First group of Jews carried away captive by Babylonians (see BD, “Daniel,” 652–53).

58

2 Kgs. 24:10–16; Ezek. 1:1–3

Second group of Jews carried away captive by Babylonians (see BD, “Dispersion” and “Ezekiel,” 658, 668–69).

59

2 Kgs. 25; Jer. 39

Third group carried away captive; Jerusalem destroyed by King Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonians (see BD, “Captivities of the Israelites,” “Diaspora,” and “Zedekiah,” 631, 657, 792; Bible Map 6).

60

Jer. 39:1–7; Omni 1:15; Mosiah 25:2; Hel. 8:21

Mulek leaves for America.

61

Dan. 2, 7–12; Ezek. 1–3, Ezek. 33–48

Ezekiel and Daniel receive visions of their people, Christ, and the last days while living in captivity (see BD, “Abomination of Desolation,” “Daniel,” “Daniel, Book of,” and “Ezekiel,” 601, 652–53, 668–69).

62

2 Chr. 36:22–23; Ezra 1

Cyrus, king of Persia, conquers Babylonians and allows Jews to return to Jerusalem (see BD, “Cyrus” and “Persia,” 651, 749; Bible Map 7).

63

Ezra 2–6

Zerubbabel, a prince of Judah, and returning Jews rebuild the temple at Jerusalem (see BD, “Temple of Zerubbabel” and “Zerubbabel,” 783–84, 792).

64

Esth. 1–8

Esther’s courage saves the Jews in Persia from extermination (see BD, “Ahasuerus,” “Esther, Book of,” and “Haman,” 605, 667, 698).

65

Neh. 2–6

Wall of Jerusalem is rebuilt (see BD, “Jerusalem,” “Nehemiah,” and “Sanballat,” 712, 738, 769).

66

Neh. 8–10

Ezra reads the law to his people and encourages marriage within the covenant (see BD, “Artaxerxes,” “Ezra,” and “Scribe,” 614, 669, 770).

KINGDOM OF ISRAEL

67

1 Kgs. 11–14

Jeroboam rules over the kingdom of Israel and sets up false gods in Dan and Bethel, contrary to the counsel of the prophet Ahijah (see BD, “Ahijah,” “Israel, Kingdom of,” and “Jeroboam,” 605, 708, 712).

68

1 Kgs. 17

Elijah confronts Ahab and Jezebel, king and queen of Israel. He challenges the wicked priests of Baal at Mount Carmel (see BD, “Ahab,” “Elijah,” and “Jezebel,” 605, 664, 713).

69

2 Kgs. 2:1–18

Elijah is taken into heaven, and his prophetic mantle is given to Elisha (see BD, “Angels” and “Elisha,” 608, 664).

70

2 Kgs. 5

Elisha tells Naaman the Syrian how he may be healed (see BD, “Naaman” and “Syria,” 736, 778).

71

2 Kgs. 6:1–23

Horses and chariots of fire protect Elisha from the Syrian army (see BD, “Angels,” “Dothan,” and “Syria,” 608, 658, 778).

72

2 Kgs. 9–10

Jehu destroys Baal worship throughout Israel (see BD, “Baal,” 617–18).

73

2 Kgs. 14:8–16

Israel under King Jehoash defeats Judah in battle and plunders the temple at Jerusalem.

74

2 Kgs. 14:25; Jonah 1–4

Jonah reluctantly preaches to the people of Nineveh, and they repent (see BD, “Jonah” and “Nineveh,” 716, 738).

75

2 Kgs. 15:1–31; 2 Kgs. 17

Israelites under King Hoshea are carried away captive by the Assyrians and become the oft-called lost ten tribes (see BD, “Assyria,” “Captivities of Israelites,” and “Israel, Kingdom of,” 615–16, 631, 708; Bible Map 5).

BOOK OF MORMON

76

Ether 11:1–13

Prophets warn of the destruction of Jaredite nation unless they repent.

77

1 Ne. 18:23–25

Lehi and family arrive in America.

78

2 Ne. 5

Nephites separate from the Lamanites.

79

Jacob 1:9

Nephi dies.

80

Jacob 7:27

Jacob gives records to Enos.

81

Enos 1:25; Jarom 1:1

An aged Enos prepares to give records to his son Jarom.