In Old Testament times, for more than four hundred years, Jacob’s descendants languished in bondage in Egypt until the Lord sent them a deliverer, the prophet Moses. True to his promise to Jacob (see Gen. 46:2–4; Gen. 50:24–25), the Lord brought Jacob’s posterity out of Egypt and renewed his covenant with them in the Sinai Desert. But because the children of Israel constantly murmured against the Lord and his servants, the Lord declared they would not see the promised land. Instead, their children would inherit it (see Num. 14:1–39). For forty years, they stayed in the wilderness, until Joshua led the next generation into the Holy Land. In this photographic essay, we take a look at the land the Israelites knew.