After his mission to the Zoramites, Alma counseled each of his sons individually. His counsel to his son Helaman is found in Alma 36 and 37. Alma testified to Helaman that God would deliver those who put their trust in Him. To illustrate this truth, Alma described his experience years earlier when he was delivered from the pain of his sins through the Atonement of Jesus Christ. He also told of his efforts to bring others to Christ and experience the joy of repentance for themselves.
Note: Lesson 94 provides an opportunity for three students to teach. If you have not already done so, you may want to select three students now and give them copies of the designated portions of lesson 94 so they can prepare. Encourage them to study the lesson material prayerfully and to seek the guidance of the Holy Ghost so they will know how to adapt the lesson to the needs of their classmates.
Suggestions for Teaching
Alma teaches Helaman about God’s power to deliver
Ask students to think about the positive ways in which the testimony or a particular teaching of their parents has influenced them. Invite one or two students to share their thoughts with the class.
Explain that chapters 36–42 in the book of Alma contain counsel from Alma to his sons. Chapters 36–37 are addressed to Helaman, chapter 38 is addressed to Shiblon, and chapters 39–42 are addressed to Corianton.
Encourage students to imagine themselves in Helaman’s position as he listened to his father’s testimony in Alma 36:1–5. Invite a student to read these verses aloud. Ask the class to follow along, looking for what stands out to them about Alma’s testimony.
In these verses, what stands out to you most? Why?
Alma describes his rebellion and explains how he received forgiveness
Explain that as further testimony of God’s power to deliver those who put their trust in Him, Alma shared his experience of being delivered from the pain of his sins.
Display the picture Conversion of Alma the Younger (Gospel Art Book , no. 77; see also lds.org/media-library).
Ask students to scan Alma 36:6–9 and summarize what happened to Alma as he and the sons of Mosiah went about seeking to destroy the Church.
Invite a student to read Alma 36:10 aloud. Ask the class to follow along, looking for how long Alma suffered after the angel visited him.
How long did Alma say he suffered after the angel visited him?
Explain that in Alma 36:11–17 we receive a much more detailed account of what Alma experienced during the three days and three nights of his suffering than we do in other accounts of his conversion (see Mosiah 27 and Alma 38).
Assign students to work in pairs. Invite the partnerships to study Alma 36:11–16, looking for Alma’s expressions of fear or pain. Ask students to consider marking what they discover. After sufficient time, invite students to report the words or phrases they found and to explain what those words or phrases mean.
To help students better understand the words racked, harrowed, and torment, invite a student to read aloud the following statement by President Boyd K. Packer (1924–2015) of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles:
“Racked means ‘tortured.’ Anciently a rack was a framework on which the victim was laid with each ankle and wrist tied to a spindle which could then be turned to cause unbearable pain.
“A harrow is a frame with spikes through it. When pulled across the ground, it rips and tears into the soil. The scriptures frequently speak of souls and minds being ‘harrowed up’ with guilt.
“Torment means ‘to twist,’ a means of torture so painful that even the innocent would confess” (Boyd K. Packer, “The Touch of the Master’s Hand,” Ensign, May 2001, 23).
What can Alma’s experience teach us about the effects of sin? (Help students identify the following truth: Sin leads to great pain, suffering, and regret.)
Point out that Alma did not immediately experience all the effects of his sins as soon as he committed them.
Why do you think it is important to realize that we may not feel the effects of our sins immediately?
Ask students to ponder experiences in which they have felt pain or regret for their sins. Invite a student to read Alma 36:17 aloud. Ask the class to follow along, looking for what Alma remembered while he was feeling intense pain and remorse for his sins. Invite students to consider marking what they find.
According to Alma 36:17, what did he remember?
Ask a student to read Alma 36:18 aloud. Invite the class to look for what Alma did to act on his father’s teachings.
What did Alma do to act on his father’s teachings?
Point out that Alma’s prayer demonstrated his willingness to exercise faith in Jesus Christ and His Atonement. Write the following incomplete statement on the board: If we exercise faith in Jesus Christ and His Atonement, then He will …
Invite students to search Alma 36:19–22 silently, looking for words and phrases that describe how Alma’s feelings changed after he prayed for mercy. Ask students to consider marking what they find.
What words or phrases did you find that describe how Alma’s feelings changed?
Ask the following question about each of the words and phrases students have found:
What does that phrase (or word) teach you about the power of the Savior’s Atonement? (As students respond, help them see that not only was Alma’s pain removed, but he was also filled with joy.)
Based on what we have learned from Alma’s experience, how would you complete the statement on the board? (Using students’ words, complete the statement on the board so that it conveys the following principle: If we exercise faith in Jesus Christ and His Atonement, then He will deliver us from the pain of our sins and fill us with joy.)
Explain that following Alma’s experience, he continued his repentance by confessing his sins and striving to repair all the harm he had done (see Mosiah 27:32–35). Similarly, we can exercise faith in Jesus Christ and His Atonement by praying to Heavenly Father for forgiveness and doing all that is necessary to repent of our sins.
Point out Alma’s words in Alma 36:19, “I was harrowed up by the memory of my sins no more.” Read aloud the following situation, and ask students to consider how they would respond:
A friend asks you, “If I can remember my sins and still feel sorry for them, does it mean I haven’t been forgiven?”
Ask students to explain how Alma’s experiences relate to this situation. After students have responded, invite a student to read aloud the following statement by President Dieter F. Uchtdorf of the First Presidency:
“Satan will try to make us believe that our sins are not forgiven because we can remember them. Satan is a liar; he tries to blur our vision and lead us away from the path of repentance and forgiveness. God did not promise that we would not remember our sins. Remembering will help us avoid making the same mistakes again. But if we stay true and faithful, the memory of our sins will be softened over time. This will be part of the needed healing and sanctification process. Alma testified that after he cried out to Jesus for mercy, he could still remember his sins, but the memory of his sins no longer distressed and tortured him, because he knew he had been forgiven (see Alma 36:17–19)” (Dieter F. Uchtdorf, “Point of Safe Return,” Ensign or Liahona, May 2007, 101).
Based on President Uchtdorf’s statement, how would you explain what it means to be “harrowed up by the memory of [our] sins no more” (Alma 36:19)?
Testify that if we exercise faith in Jesus Christ and His Atonement, He will deliver us from the pain of our sins and fill us with joy. Encourage students to think of how they might apply what they have learned from Alma’s experience.
Alma explains why he labors continually to bring others to repentance
To help students understand why Alma labored to bring others to repentance, consider using the following activity. (If it is not possible to provide treats for your class, you could instead describe the activity.)
Display a treat (such as a cookie or piece of candy) and ask if anyone in the class enjoys this kind of treat. Take a bite, and express how delicious it is. Tell the class that the treat is so good that you would like to share it with the whole class. Display more of the same treat, and ask if anyone else would like to taste it. Share the treat with everyone who would like some.
Invite a student to read Alma 36:23–24 aloud. Ask the class to follow along, looking for how the tasting activity relates to Alma’s experience following his conversion.
How were Alma’s actions similar to the tasting activity? What did Alma want other people to taste?
Invite a student to read Alma 36:25–26 aloud. Ask the class to look for how Alma’s efforts to teach the gospel influenced him and others.
How did Alma’s teaching influence him and others?
What principle can we learn from these verses? (Students may use different words, but make sure they express that we can receive great joy as we seek to bring others to Christ.)
Summarize Alma 36:27–30 by explaining that Alma again testified to Helaman that God will deliver those who put their trust in Him.
Invite students to share their feelings or testimonies of the truths they have learned while studying Alma 36. You may also want to testify of these truths.
To help students apply what they have learned from Alma 36, invite them to complete one of the activities below. (You may want to write these on the board.)
Consider whether you have felt the Savior deliver you from sin and fill you with joy. In your class notebook or study journal, explain what you will do so you can begin or continue to receive these blessings.
Think of someone (such as a friend, sibling, or ward member) who might benefit from your testimony of the Savior. Write or text a message to this person and include your testimony of how Jesus Christ is able to fill us with joy. Then send or deliver the message.
Commentary and Background Information
Alma 36:12. “My soul was … racked with all my sins”
Elder Dallin H. Oaks of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles taught that some degree of suffering for our sins is an important aspect of repentance:
“Justice requires that the unrepentant transgressor suffer for his own sins [see D&C 19:16–19]. …
“… What about repentant transgressors? Are they punished? Must they suffer? …
“… The person who repents does not need to suffer ‘even as’ the Savior suffered for that sin. Sinners who are repenting will experience some suffering, but, because of their repentance and because of the Atonement, they will not experience the full ‘exquisite’ extent of eternal torment the Savior suffered for that sin.
“President Spencer W. Kimball, who gave such comprehensive teachings on repentance and forgiveness, said that personal suffering ‘is a very important part of repentance. One has not begun to repent until he has suffered intensely for his sins’ [The Teachings of Spencer W. Kimball, ed. Edward L. Kimball (1982), 88].
“‘If a person hasn’t suffered, he hasn’t repented. … He has got to go through a change in his system whereby he suffers and then forgiveness is a possibility’ (Teachings of Spencer W. Kimball, p. 99). …
“All of our experience confirms the fact that we must endure personal suffering in the process of repentance—and for serious transgressions that suffering can be severe and prolonged. I believe that every one of us who is truly honest with himself or herself recognizes the truth of this principle. We have felt it in our own lives, and we have seen it in the lives of others.
“We should also observe that our personal suffering for sin is private, not public. Often only the sinner and the Lord and the Lord’s servant know what is happening. In contrast to the public nature of the punishment inflicted by the laws of man, the suffering that leads to mercy under the laws of God is intensely personal” (Dallin H. Oaks, “Sins, Crimes, and Atonement” [evening with a General Authority, Feb. 7, 1992], 4, 5, 6).
Alma 36. Chiasmus
Chiasmus (sometimes called inverted parallelism) is a literary device that was commonly used anciently in Semitic and Greek poetry as well as the literature of other cultures. In chiasmus, words or ideas are arranged in a certain order and then repeated in reverse order. This repetition emphasizes important ideas and words. The writer’s main idea is often located at the center of the chiasmus (see John W. Welch, “Chiasmus in the Book of Mormon,” New Era, Feb. 1972, 6–11). In the chart below, notice that the central message of the chiasmus in Alma 36 focuses on a time in Alma’s life when he turned to Jesus Christ for relief.
(Note: If you choose to share this information with students, be careful that it does not replace opportunities for them to identify, understand, feel the truth and importance of, and apply the principles and doctrines found in Alma 36.)