Words to Know

“Words to Know,” Book of Mormon Stories (1997), 157–62


A

altar

a sacred, raised area of dirt or rocks on which prayers or sacrifices are offered to God

altar

altar

angel

a messenger from God

armor

a covering that soldiers wear to protect themselves in battle

armor

armor

army

a group of soldiers prepared to fight

arrow

a weapon with a sharp end used in hunting or war

arrow

arrow

B

baptism

an ordinance in which a person with authority from God places another person entirely beneath water and lifts the person back out. Baptism is required to become a member of Jesus Christ’s Church.

baptism

baptism

barge

a large boat used to carry people or supplies

barge

barge

believe

to feel or know that something is right

bless

to give a person something that will benefit him or her. To bless the sacrament is to ask God to accept the bread and water as symbols of Jesus Christ.

blind

unable to see

bondage

to not be free, to have to work all day for someone else’s benefit

bow

a long stick with a string attached at each end that is used to launch arrows

bow

bow

brass plates

a record of God’s commandments and dealings with Lehi’s ancestors

brass plates

brass plates

build

to make or construct something

C

captain

a leader of an army

club

a weapon used to hit animals or people

club

club

commandment

something God tells his people to do so they will be happy

covenant

a promise between God and a person

crucify

to put to death by nailing a person to a cross

D

deaf

unable to hear

destroy

to completely end or ruin something, such as a city or a life

disciple

a person who follows Jesus and tries to be like him

dream

a story that goes on in a person’s mind when he or she is asleep

drunk

a loss of control from drinking too much alcohol

E

escape

to get away from a person

eternal life

to live forever with God

evil

something that is bad

F

faith

to believe in Jesus Christ

faithful

to continue obeying the commandments

famine

a lack of food caused by no rain falling and no crops being able to grow

fast

to go without food or water while seeking spiritual help

filled with the Holy Ghost

to have the Holy Ghost tell a person’s mind and heart what is true

forgive

to forget the bad things a person has done and love the person

freedom

to be able to make choices

G

glad tidings

messages of hope and comfort sent from God

gold plates

a record written on thin sheets of gold. Moroni hid these in the Hill Cumorah, and Joseph Smith later uncovered them.

gold plates

gold plates

gospel

the teachings of Jesus Christ

Great Spirit

the Lamanite name for God

H

heal

to make a sick or hurt person better or whole

heaven

the place Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ live

humble

being teachable and seeking to do God’s will

I

idol

something people worship that is not of God

iron rod

a symbol in Lehi’s dream that represents the word of God

J

join

to become part of a group

judge

a leader who decides what the laws mean or how people should keep them

judgment-seat

a position in the Nephite government that the chief judge held

K

king

a leader over a group of people

L

leader

a person who guides a group of people

Liahona

a brass ball that God gave Lehi’s family to show them the way to go in the wilderness. It worked only when Lehi’s family was righteous.

Liahona

Liahona

liberty

freedom to make choices

M

member

a person who belongs to a church or group

miracle

an unusual event or happening that shows the power of God

missionary

a person who teaches others the gospel of Jesus Christ

O

obey

to do what has been asked or commanded

ordain

to give priesthood power and authority

ordain

ordain

ordinance

a sacred ceremony or act that has spiritual meanings, such as baptism or the sacrament

P

peace

a calm feeling or a time without war

persecute

to say false things about someone to try and hurt them

plates

thin sheets of metal on which people wrote the teachings of God and the histories of people

plates

plates

plot

to devise a wicked plan against someone

power

a force of good or evil, often a special help or strength from God

pray

to talk to God, giving thanks and asking blessings

priesthood

the authority to act in God’s name

prison

a place used to hold people who have committed a crime

promise

a pledge or commitment to do or be something

prophesy

to describe an event before it happens

prophet

a person called by God to tell people God’s will

punish

to cause or allow bad things to happen to a person. People are often punished when they do not obey God.

R

rebel

to disobey or go against the commandments

repent

to feel sorry for an action or a thought and promise not to repeat it

resurrect

to bring someone or something back to life

righteous

something that is of God. Righteous people are those who follow God’s commandments.

robe

a long, flowing covering

S

sacrament

an ordinance in which men who have the priesthood bless and pass bread and water to other people. The sacrament reminds people of Jesus Christ.

sacrifice

to give up something precious for God

servants

people who serve or work for someone such as a king

scalp

to cut off the top of a person’s head

shield

a part of the armor that protects a soldier’s upper body against swords or other weapons

sin

to break a commandment

slaves

people who are forced to work for other people

sling

a weapon used to throw rocks

sling

sling

soldier

a person who fights in an army

spear

a sharp, pointed stick used to stab

spear

spear

steal

to take something that belongs to someone else

stone

to throw rocks at a person until he or she dies

sword

a long, metal blade used to cut or pierce

sword

sword

synagogue

a type of building where people gather to worship God

T

temple

God’s house

temple

temple

testimony

a feeling or witness that the gospel is true

title of liberty

a message Captain Moroni wrote encouraging his people to defend their freedom

title of liberty

title of liberty

tower

a tall building or platform people can stand on

tower

tower

translate

to change words from one language to another

tree of life

a tree in Lehi’s dream that represents the love of God

true

something that really happened or that is good or right

U

understand

to know or comprehend an idea

Urim and Thummim

special instruments God gives to prophets to help them translate and receive revelation

V

valiant

knowing and defending what is right

vision

a form of revelation

W

war

a battle between enemies or opposing armies

weapon

something used to hurt or kill other people, such as a sword or spear

wicked

something that is not of God. A wicked person loves Satan and does not keep God’s commandments.

wilderness

an empty stretch of land that is without cities or people

worship

to adore or follow a person or thing