Understanding the Scriptures
|Transpired (v. 2)||Happened|
|Err (v. 6)||Make a mistake|
|Sepulchre (v. 10)||Burial place (often a tomb or cave)|
|Rend (v. 12)||Tear apart|
|Scourged (v. 13)||Afflicted, punished|
|A hiss and a byword (v. 14)||A persecuted people|
1 Nephi 19:1–6—Two Sets of Plates
In 1 Nephi 9, Nephi wrote that he had made two sets of plates. The first set, the large plates of Nephi, contained a detailed account of his people; the second set, the small plates of Nephi, was a sacred religious record. In 1 Nephi 19, the phrase “first plates” or “other plates” refers to the large plates of Nephi and the phrase “these plates” refers to the small plates (see “The Main Sources for the Book of Mormon,”
Nephi hoped that future generations would find these writings helpful in bringing them to Christ.
1 Nephi 19:10—Who Were Zenock, Neum, and Zenos?
Nephi quoted Zenock, Neum, and Zenos as prophets of Old Testament times whose detailed prophecies of Jesus Christ were recorded on the plates of brass. Their testimonies are not found in the Old Testament we have today. Their writings are apparently some of the “plain and most precious” truths that were removed by the “great and abominable church” (1 Nephi 13:26). Without the Book of Mormon, we would know nothing about those three faithful prophets of Old Testament times or their prophecies.
Studying the Scriptures
Do any two of the following activities (A–C) as you study 1 Nephi 19.
List the “Plain and Precious Parts”
The Lord commanded Nephi to include on his second set of plates (the small plates) many of the plain and precious parts that would be missing from the Bible (see 1 Nephi 19:3 and the “Understanding the Scriptures” section).
Review 1 Nephi 19:8–14 and list the truths Nephi learned about the birth, life, and death of Jesus Christ, and also what would happen to the house of Israel after His death.
For the truths you listed, identify those which Nephi said he learned from the angel and the ones he learned from the writings of Zenock, Neum, or Zenos.
Analyze How Things Might Be Different
Think about the detailed prophecies about Jesus’s life that the Book of Mormon restores (see 1 Nephi 19:8–14). How do you think the beliefs of the Jews and other Christians might be different if those truths were still in our Old Testament?