Understanding the Scriptures
|Inclination(section heading)||Natural feeling|
|Retaliation(section heading)||Repaying a wrong action with another wrong action|
|Immutable(v. 3)||Cannot be changed|
|Justifiable(v. 5)||Acceptable, able to be defended as right|
|Cleave(v. 11)||Hold, cling|
|Precept(v. 12)||Commandment, direction|
|Abide in(v. 15)||Live in, obey|
|Detestable(v. 20)||Wicked, offensive to the Lord|
|Revile(vv. 23, 25)||Insult, speak abusively|
|Accounted unto you(v. 24)||Considered|
|Meted out as a just measure unto you(v. 24)||Something that was deserved|
|Ancients(v. 33)||People who lived a long time ago|
|Vengeance(vv. 28, 48)||Justifiable punishment|
|Avenged, avenge(vv. 37, 45)||Administered justifiable punishment|
Doctrine and Covenants 98:16—“Renounce War and Proclaim Peace”
In a statement given during World War II, after quoting the first part ofDoctrine and Covenants 98:16, the First Presidency said:
“Thus the Church is and must be against war. The Church itself cannot wage war, unless and until the Lord shall issue new commands. It cannot regard war as a righteous means of settling international disputes; these should and could be settled—the nations agreeing—by peaceful negotiation and adjustment.
“But the Church membership are citizens or subjects of sovereignties over which the Church has no control. The Lord Himself has told us to ‘befriend that law which is the constitutional law of the land’: [They quoteDoctrine and Covenants 98:4–7.]
“While by its terms this revealed word related more especially to this land of America, nevertheless the principles announced are worldwide in their application, and they are specifically addressed to ‘you’ (Joseph Smith), ‘and your brethren of my church.’ When, therefore, constitutional law, obedient to these principles, calls the manhood of the Church into the armed service of any country to which they owe allegiance, their highest civic duty requires that they meet that call” (in Conference Report, Apr. 1942, 94).
Doctrine and Covenants 98:23—“Bear It Patiently”
Bishop Edward Partridge was an example of the counsel the Lord gave in the last half ofDoctrine and Covenants 98. Speaking of the time in Jackson County, Missouri, when he was tarred and feathered by a mob, he wrote: “I bore my abuse with so much resignation and meekness, that it appeared to astound the multitude, who permitted me to retire in silence, many looking very solemn, their sympathies having been touched as I thought; and as to myself, I was so filled with the Spirit and love of God, that I had no hatred towards my persecutors or anyone else” (inHistory of the Church,1:391).
Studying the Scriptures
Do two of the following activities (A–C) as you studyDoctrine and Covenants 98.
InDoctrine and Covenants 98, the Lord’s counsel to the persecuted Saints in Missouri might not be n as a natural or easy response to the situation.
Think about the situation of the Missouri Saints who were being persecuted and driven from their homes. What counsel inDoctrine and Covenants 98:1–3do you think they might have found difficult?
Write about a time when you experienced, or saw someone else experience, much affliction but could “fear not,” “be comforted,” “rejoice evermore,” “give thanks,” or later that it worked “together for your good.”
Give Some Advice
Imagine that a new convert to the Church asked you the Church’s position on an upcoming election. UsingDoctrine and Covenants 98:4–10as a guide, what ideas would you explain to this person? Write at least three ideas, noting the verses that support each idea.
Commandments and Promises
Make two columns in your notebook and label them “Commandments” and “Promises.” List each commandment and promise you find inDoctrine and Covenants 98:11–18in the appropriate column.
If you had been living in Missouri at the time this revelation was given, which of those commandments and promises would have most affected you? Why?