Lesson 13

Matthew 26:47–75; 27:1–47; Mark 14:43–72, 15:1–35;
Luke 22:47–71; 23:1–45; John 18:3–40; 19:1–27


The following assignments include various learning activities, such as questions, lists, essays, charts, comparisons, contrasts, and surveys. To receive credit for this lesson, you must complete the number of assignments indicated below and submit them to your institute instructor or administrator. You may submit your work either electronically or on paper, handwritten or typed.

Each lesson should take approximately 60–90 minutes to complete, the same amount of time you would typically spend in a weekly institute class. Since reading the scripture block listed in the lesson heading is expected of all institute students prior to class, the estimated time for each assignment does not include the time you need to spend reading the scripture block.

Complete any three of the following assignments:

1.  Matthew 26:46–27:35 (see also Mark 14:42–15:25; Luke 22:47–23:33; John 18:1–19:18). The Sufferings of Jesus Christ

Use the following chart to read the verses and record the physical and emotional sufferings the Savior endured:

Considering the suffering listed above and the suffering the Savior experienced in the Garden of Gethsemane prior to that, read and mark 1 Nephi 19:9; Mosiah 3:7; Alma 7:11–12; Doctrine and Covenants 19:16–19; 122:8–9; Hebrews 2:14–18; 4:15–16. Write a one-page paper on how the Savior is able to help us as a result of all that He suffered. Include in your paper a few examples of how He has helped you in your infirmities and sufferings.

2.  Matthew 26:69–75. Peter’s Denial of Jesus Christ

Read in the student manual, Appendix D, “Peter My Brother” (pp. 485–90). Write a one-page paper on what you learn about the Apostle Peter. Choose a characteristic of Peter that you would like to develop. Explain in writing what you would like to do to develop this attribute more in your life.

3.  Matthew 27:1–61; Mark 15; Luke 23; John 18:28–19:42. The Savior’s Final Hours

Read Matthew 27:2, 11–25 and the student manual commentary for Matthew 27:24, “Why Did Pilate Give in to the Demands of the Jews to Execute Jesus?” (pp. 182–83); commentary for John 19:4–12, “Pilate Sought to Release Him” (183–84). Write a short paragraph on what you learn about Pilate from what he tried to do.

How are the events recorded in John 18:28–19:18 a fulfillment of the prophecy found in Isaiah 53?

Read Matthew 27:15–16; Mark 15:6–7 and answer the following questions:

  • What kind of man was Barabbas?
  •  Find the meaning of the name Barabbas in the Bible Dictionary (p. 619). What is ironic about the Jews’ choice of a prisoner by that name?

Read Luke 23:7–12. Write your answers to the following questions:

  • How did Pilate try to avoid the responsibility of judging Jesus?
  • What did Herod hope to see from the Lord?
  • How did the Lord respond to Herod?
  • Under what circumstances today would this example of the Savior be a good one for us to follow? Why?
  • What was the result of this interchange between Herod and Pilate?

Read the student manual “An Appreciation of the Sorrow of the Final Hours” (pp. 180–81). Write a paragraph on what impresses you the most about how the Savior acted during His last hours of mortality.

4.  Luke 23:24–49 (see also Matthew
27:15–61
; Mark 15:6–47; John 18:39–19:42). The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ

Read Luke 23:24–56 and the student manual commentary for Matthew 27:32, “The Cross” (p. 184), and for Matthew 27:35, “And They Crucified Him” (pp. 184–85). Write three paragraphs describing the following questions:

  • What are the horrors of crucifixion?
  • What difference does it make to know that the Savior suffered these things for you?
  • How could the commandments found in Luke 22:19–20; Doctrine and Covenants 27:2; 59:7, 21 apply to what Jesus suffered for us?
  • When do we typically keep these commandments?
  • When should we keep them?

5.  Matthew 26:36–27:50; John 19:26–30. His Concern for Others

Read Luke 23:43; Alma 40:11–15 and the first two paragraphs of the student manual Points to Ponder, “His Concern for Others” (p. 186). Write a detailed paragraph describing the “paradise” the Savior told the thief he would be going to.

Read and cross-reference Luke 23:43 with 1 Peter 3:18–20; 4:6; Doctrine and Covenants 138:29–34. Explain in writing how the Savior made it possible for the wicked and disobedient to hear and receive the gospel.

Briefly review Matthew 26:36–27:50; John 19:26–27. Make a list of individuals Jesus Christ showed compassion toward during His last hours of mortality. Write a sentence for each one, describing what He said or did to demonstrate compassion toward them.

Read each of the scripture references below and write a short statement that describes how each scripture reveals a quality of Jesus Christ’s character and His divine nature: