Lesson 3

Matthew 5–10, 12; Mark 2–3; Luke 5–6


The following assignments include various learning activities, such as questions, lists, essays, charts, comparisons, contrasts, and surveys. To receive credit for this lesson, you must complete the number of assignments indicated below and submit them to your institute instructor or administrator. You may submit your work either electronically or on paper, handwritten or typed.

Each lesson should take approximately 60–90 minutes to complete, the same amount of time you would typically spend in a weekly institute class. Since reading the scripture block listed in the lesson heading is expected of all institute students prior to class, the estimated time for each assignment does not include the time you need to spend reading the scripture block.

Complete assignment 2 and any two of the other assignments:

1.   Matthew 5:1–12. The Beatitudes

Read the footnote for Matthew 5:3a and the institute student manual Points to Ponder section, “The Sermon on the Mount Is Our Constitution for Perfection” (p. 61). Write a definition for the word blessed or blessedness.

Read Matthew 5:1–12. Identify or mark all of the “blessed” attributes in these verses. Read also the definitions President Harold B. Lee (1899–1973) gave for each of these attributes found in the student manual Points to Ponder section (pp. 61–62). From these verses select three beatitudes and write a paragraph for each describing how living this beatitude has in the past or can in the future increase your happiness.

2.   Matthew 5–7. The Sermon on the Mount

Read Matthew 5–7. Write responses to the following questions:

  • What does Matthew 5:17 teach that explains why Jesus would transcend the law?
  • In Matthew 5:21–44 how did Jesus Christ’s teachings transcend some aspects of the law of Moses? The law of Moses placed great emphasis on outward actions; what emphasis did the Lord add to the outward actions?
  • In Matthew 6:1–8, 16–18 what counsel did Jesus Christ give about giving alms, praying, and fasting?
  • In Matthew 6:2–5 the Savior referred to some people as being hypocrites. What is a hypocrite according to the footnote for Matthew 6:2a? What does this suggest that the Savior considers true righteousness? How can you purify your motives for serving and performing other good works?
  • Study Matthew 6:9–13. This example of prayer is a model for our prayers. Consider each verse. What does the Lord’s Prayer teach us we can pray for?
  • In Matthew 7:15 the Savior cautioned His followers about false prophets. How does Matthew 7:16–20; Moroni 7:5, 10–11,16–17 help you discern between false and true prophets? How can Matthew 7:20 apply to you as well as to prophets?
  • If you come to know the Book of Mormon is true through study and prayer, what do the principles taught in Matthew 7:18 suggest you also know about the Prophet Joseph Smith?
  • In Matthew 7:24–27 Jesus told the parable of the wise man and the foolish man. How does this parable apply to you? What does Helaman 5:12 identify as the best foundation we could build upon?

Some principles taught in the Sermon on the Mount have been misunderstood. For example, the following verses have caused some to ask:

Write a paragraph describing how each of the following commentaries from the student manual helps clarify the correct principle taught by the Savior for the misunderstandings stated above:

  • Matthew 5:29–30. “If Thy Right Hand Offend Thee, Cut It Off” (pp. 58–59)
  • Matthew 6:25–34. “Should Members of the Church Really Take No Thought for Temporal Concerns?” (p. 59)
  • Matthew 7:1. “Must True Disciples Follow the Injunction ‘Judge Not’?” (pp. 59–60)

3.   Matthew 8–9; Mark 2. Miracles Are Evidence of Faith and God’s Power

Using the following references, fill in the chart below by writing in the second column a brief description of each miracle the Lord performed, then in the third column list those who exercised faith for the miracle to occur.

Explain in writing how it affects your faith to know that God has this kind of power.

4.   Matthew 10; Mark 3:13–35; Luke 5:1–11. The Calling of the Twelve Apostles

Read Matthew 10:1–4; Mark 3:13–19 and highlight the names of the original twelve Apostles. Look up the names of three Apostles in the Bible Dictionary and write one sentence describing something you learned about each one you selected.

Read Acts 4:33; Doctrine and Covenants 107:23 and the entry for “Apostle” in the Bible Dictionary (p. 612). Then write a definition for what an Apostle is.

Describe in writing how the Savior’s teachings to His Apostles in Matthew 10:5–42 prepared them to be sent out to proclaim the gospel.

Read Luke 5:1–11. Explain in writing what you learn from the responses made by Peter, James, and John to the Savior’s call. How could you apply their actions and examples in your own life?

5. Matthew 12; Mark 3:1–12; Luke 6. Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath

Read Matthew 12:1–13; Mark 3:1–5; Luke 6:1–11. Write a paragraph that explains three or four things the Savior taught about the Sabbath day.

How do Isaiah 58:13; Doctrine and Covenants 59:9–12 (see footnote 12b) help define what it means to “do good” on the Sabbath day?

Write a paragraph explaining what you can do to better keep the Sabbath day holy.