Understanding the Scriptures
|Compassed (v. 1)||Surrounded|
|Cloud (v. 1)||Number, group|
|Beset (v. 1)||Trouble|
|Despising (v. 2)||Paying no attention|
|Chastening, chasteneth, chastisement, chastened (vv. 5–8, 10–11)||Scolding, correcting|
|Scourgeth (v. 6)||Punishes|
|Bastards (v. 8)||Children born to unmarried women (considered a vulgar term today); Paul used this term to show they were not legitimate sons of God because they did not follow Him.|
|Reverence (vv. 9, 28)||Respect, obedience|
|Subjection (v. 9)||Willing to obey, under the control of|
|Grievous (v. 11)||Sad, grief|
|Feeble (v. 12)||Weak (can also symbolize fear)|
|Intreated (v. 19)||Asked with feeling, pleaded|
|Mediator (v. 24)||One who intervenes between two people to make (or restore) peace and friendship or to ratify a covenant|
Hebrews 12:18–21—The Mount
These verses refer to the experience of Moses and the children of Israel at Mount Sinai. The Israelites were so afraid and unworthy that they refused an opportunity to go up onto the mount with Moses and enter into the presence of the Lord.
Hebrews 12:22—The Heavenly Jerusalem
Studying the Scriptures
Do two of the following activities (A–C) as you study Hebrews 12.
Enduring with Strength
Explain how “looking unto” Jesus can help us finish “the race that is set before us” (the challenge of living faithfully until death). List two ways you could more fully look unto Jesus in your life.
The Correction of a Loving Father
According to Hebrews 12:5–8, why should we be pleased when we receive correction or chastisement from Heavenly Father or His servants?
Name at least two ways Heavenly Father corrects us.
Explain how Heavenly Father’s corrections demonstrate His love for you, or give an example of a time when you felt the truthfulness of the ideas expressed in Hebrews 12:11.
Our Effect on Others
In Hebrews 12:12–14 Paul counseled the Saints to help and serve one another. Then in verse 15 he warned them that if they forgot how God had blessed them and allowed negative feelings to develop, their bad example would cause trouble for themselves and others. Write about a time when someone’s positive example of love, service, or kindness helped you want to be more righteous.