Understanding the Scriptures
|Compassed with infirmity (v. 2)||Filled with weaknesses|
|As for the people, so also for himself (v. 3)||The priest not only offered sacrifice for other people’s sins, but for his own as well.|
|Honour (v. 4)||Calling|
|Supplications (v. 7)||Prayers and pleading to God|
|Oracles (v. 12)||Words or utterances of God|
|Discern (v. 14)||Tell the difference between, judge|
The Joseph Smith Translation points out that Hebrews 5:7–8 refers to Melchizedek, who was a great high priest in the days of Abraham. These same verses could also refer to Christ. To learn more about Melchizedek, see the Joseph Smith Translation of Genesis 14:25–40 and “Melchizedek” in the Bible Dictionary (p. 730).
Hebrews 5:6, 9–10 refers to the Melchizedek Priesthood. Doctrine and Covenants 107:1–4 tells us that the Savior’s priesthood is called the Melchizedek Priesthood for two reasons: to avoid the too-frequent use of Christ’s name and because Melchizedek was such a great king and high priest. Paul emphasized throughout the book of Hebrews that Jesus was a high priest after the order of Melchizedek. He taught that the Melchizedek Priesthood was greater than the Aaronic Priesthood that was exercised under the law of Moses. We are fortunate to live in a day when the higher priesthood is given to all worthy, mature men in the Church so they can do Christ’s saving work.
Studying the Scriptures
Do activities A–C as you study Hebrews 5.
Scripture Mastery—Hebrew 5:4
According to Hebrews 5:7–8, how did Melchizedek become so great?
Explain why you think a person can learn obedience that way.
Milk or Meat?
In Hebrews 5:12–14 Paul explained that some members, such as small children, can only be fed spiritual “milk” until they become more mature in living the gospel and can handle spiritual “meat.” Consider your own spiritual maturity right now and write about the kind of spiritual food you are ready for. Explain why.