Who Were the Philippians and Why Did Paul Write to Them?
The city of Philippi was a Roman colony and the first European city to receive the gospel (see Bible map 13 and information on the epistle to the Philippians in Bible Dictionary, “Pauline Epistles,” pp. 745–46). Paul first preached the gospel to the Philippians during his second missionary journey (see Bible map 13; Acts 16:9–40). Ten years later, upon hearing of Paul’s imprisonment in Rome, the Philippian Saints sent gifts to sustain him in his affliction. He wrote this epistle to them from prison. It is an expression of his friendship, love, good counsel, and gratitude to friends who willingly helped him.