Understanding the Scriptures
|Justified by works (v. 2)||False idea that one’s good acts alone are sufficient to overcome sin and obtain salvation|
|Impute, imputed, imputeth (vv. 6, 8, 11, 22, 23–24)||Count, counted, counts|
Romans 4:2–5—Additional Insight from the Joseph Smith Translation
The Joseph Smith Translation helps us understand that if we depend on our obedience to the law to save us, we will only get what we have earned by ourselves and no more. But if we have faith in God and try to be obedient, our faith will be counted as righteousness and our sins will be forgiven.
Romans 4:9–12—What Did Paul Mean by This Discussion on Circumcision?
The word circumcision is used here as a symbol of the law of Moses. Many Jews felt they were the only ones who could be called righteous because only they observed the law of Moses. Paul reminded them that God called Abraham righteous because of his faith long before the law was given to Moses.
|Commendeth (v. 8)||Shows, exhibits|
|Reconciled to God (v. 10)||Returned to God’s favor|
|Sin is not imputed (v. 13)||Are not charged with sin|
|Similitude (v. 14)||Likeness|
|Abounded (vv. 15, 20)||Overflowed|
Studying the Scriptures
Do activities A and B as you study Romans 4–5.
Abraham, an Example of Faith
Paul used the example of Abraham to show that faith in God is the beginning of righteousness. Abraham was called righteous even before the law of Moses was given. Write the following sentences in your notebook and complete them as you read Romans 4:9–25:
Abraham was __________ as a __________ of his faith (see v. 11).
The promises to Abraham came as a result of his __________, not because of the __________ (see v. 13).
God’s promise comes as a __________ because of __________. This makes it available to __________ (see v. 16).
Write Your Testimony
After reading Romans 5:12–21, write your testimony of Jesus Christ and of His role as your Savior.