Other Accounts of What You Read in John 19
Understanding the Scriptures
|Platted (v. 2)||Twisted, braided|
|Sixth hour (v. 14)||About noon|
|Coat (v. 23)||A garment that extended from the neck to the knees|
|Rend (v. 24)||Tear|
|Cast lots (v. 24)||A game of chance that determines a winner|
|Hyssop (v. 29)||A long stalk or branch of a hyssop bush|
|Myrrh and aloes (v. 39)||Spices used by the Jews in preparing bodies for burial|
|Sepulchre (vv. 41–42)||Tomb or grave|
John 19:1—Pilate Orders the Scourging of Jesus
Elder James E. Talmage wrote, “Scourging was a frightful preliminary to death on the cross. The instrument of punishment was a whip of many thongs, loaded with metal and edged with jagged pieces of bone” (Jesus the Christ, 638).
John 19:6–30—“Crucify Him, Crucify Him”
Elder James E. Talmage explained, “Death by crucifixion was at once the most lingering and most painful of all forms of execution. The victim lived in ever increasing torture, generally for many hours, sometimes for days. The spikes so cruelly driven through hands and feet penetrated and crushed sensitive nerves and quivering tendons, yet inflicted no mortal wound. The welcome relief of death came through the exhaustion caused by intense and unremitting pain, through localized inflammation and congestion of organs incident to the strained and unnatural posture of the body” (Jesus the Christ, 655).
John 19:31–37—“That Their Legs Might Be Broken”
The Jewish Sabbath—which began at sundown—was nearing. Jewish law did not allow the bodies to be removed from the crosses on the Sabbath, nor for them to hang on the crosses over the Sabbath. At the request of Jewish leaders, Roman soldiers broke the legs of the thieves to hasten their deaths. Jesus had already died, thus fulfilling the scripture that “a bone of him shall not be broken” (John 19:36; see also Exodus 12:46; Psalm 34:20).
Studying the Scriptures
Do two of the following activities (A–C) as you study John 19.
What Would He Say? What Would You Say?
Imagine you had the opportunity to meet Pilate several years after the events in John 18:28–19:22.
Based on what you read in the scriptures, what do you think he might say about Jesus and His crucifixion after he had some time to look back on it?
If he asked you the same question he asked Jesus in John 18:38, what would you reply?
Learning to Love Others at All Times
Read John 19:25–27 and describe one of the Savior’s concerns while He hung on the cross.
How does this act characterize the life He lived?
Being Disciples of Jesus Christ
Joseph of Arimathaea and Nicodemus were Jewish leaders and members of the ruling body known as the Sanhedrin (see Bible Dictionary, “Joseph [of Arimathaea],” p. 717). Both were secretly disciples of Jesus.