Other Accounts of What You Read in Matthew 26
Understanding the Scriptures
|Subtilty (v. 4)||A quiet and dishonest way|
|Alabaster (v. 7)||A light-colored stone, considered beautiful and valuable|
|Precious ointment (v. 7)||Valuable perfumed oil|
|Indignation (v. 8)||Anger and disgust (a judgmental anger)|
|Wrought a good work (v. 10)||Done a good thing|
|Testament (v. 28)||Covenant|
|Yonder (v. 36)||Over in another place|
|Staves (vv. 47, 55)||Clubs|
|Perish (v. 52)||Be destroyed, die, or be killed|
|Presently (v. 53)||Ready to give|
|Legions (v. 53)||Large groups (a Roman legion was about six thousand men)|
|Laid no hold on me (v. 55)||Did not arrest me|
|Forsook (v. 56)||Left|
|Rent (v. 65)||Tore (a sign of great unhappiness)|
|Blasphemy (v. 65)||Mockery of sacred things|
|Buffeted (v. 67)||Forcefully hit|
|Smote (vv. 67–68)||Slapped|
|Without (v. 69)||Outside|
|Bitterly (v. 75)||With grief|
Matthew 26:23—“Dippeth His Hand with Me in the Dish”
See “Understanding the Scriptures” for John 13:25 (p. 86).
Matthew 26:36–46—What Is Gethsemane?
Gethsemane is a garden of olive trees at the base of the mount of Olives (see Luke 22:39). The name literally means “oil-press”—the place where olive oil was squeezed from raw olives, which are bitter. There is great symbolism in the fact that Jesus chose this place to bear the sins of mankind, where His suffering caused Him “to bleed at every pore” (D&C 19:18), thus making possible forgiveness of sin and, ultimately, eternal life.
Matthew 26:59–60—False Witnesses
The law required two or three witnesses before a man could be put to death (see Deuteronomy 17:6). The false witnesses the chief priests gathered together, however, were unable to get their lies to agree (see Mark 14:55–59). It is ironic that the Jews who wanted to crucify Jesus tried very hard to follow their law of witnesses but apparently did not worry about the law to not bear false witness (see Exodus 20:16).
Studying the Scriptures
Do two of the following activities (A–C) as you study Matthew 26.
The Last Supper and the Sacrament
As mentioned in the introduction to this chapter, Jesus and His disciples were participating together in a Passover meal (see Matthew 26:17–20), which was also a ceremony or ordinance that the premortal Christ commanded them to participate in when He gave the law of Moses. In the middle of this meal, the mortal Christ introduced a new ordinance of remembrance and worship that we call the sacrament (see vv. 26–29).
Imagine that you have been asked to give a presentation about the sacrament to the Primary children in your ward or branch. Make a chart or draw pictures that would help you explain the sacrament as Jesus introduced it in Matthew 26:26–29.
The Importance of Music
According to Matthew 26:30, what did Jesus and His disciples do before Jesus took them to the Garden of Gethsemane?
What might have been the value of doing this?
Name a hymn that helps you feel how you think that hymn might have helped Jesus and His disciples feel. Explain what it is about the hymn that is so helpful to you.
“My Will” versus “Thy Will”
In Matthew 26:36–46, Matthew recorded at least a part of what Jesus prayed during three different times in the garden of Gethsemane. What is the same or different about each of those prayers?
What were Jesus’ disciples doing while Jesus was praying? How could what He said to them in Matthew 26:41 be symbolic of His struggle as He thought and prayed about what He needed to do?
Read Mosiah 15:7; 3 Nephi 11:11; and Doctrine and Covenants 19:19. In your notebook, write the phrases from these verses that describe what motivated Jesus to “drink the bitter cup” of suffering He experienced in Gethsemane.
Briefly write about a lesson you think we can apply to our own lives from the example of Jesus in Gethsemane. As you do, tell about a situation in which a person your age might need to apply this example of Jesus.