Understanding the Scriptures
|Redeem (v. 1)||Saved from sin and death|
|Hearken (v. 4)||Listen and obey|
|Subtle (v. 5)||Sly|
|Beast (vv. 5, 20)||Animal|
|Beguile (vv. 6, 19)||Deceive|
|Thou beholdest (v. 9)||You see|
|Put enmity between thee and the woman (v. 21)||Cause you and the woman to strongly dislike and work against each other|
|Seed (v. 21)||Children|
|Bruise (v. 21)||Hurt|
|Conception (v. 22)||The process of beginning a pregnancy and giving birth to a child|
|Sake (v. 23)||Benefit|
|The sweat of thy face (v. 25)||Hard work|
|Lest he (v. 28)||So he cannot|
|Void (v. 30)||Without being fulfilled|
|Cherubim (v. 31)||A kind of heavenly being|
Moses 4:4—Can Satan Deceive, Blind, and Make Captive?
Moses 4:4 describes the only way Satan can get power over you. You may want to write the following explanation in the margin of your scriptures: “The devil has no power over us only as we permit him. The moment we revolt at anything which comes from God, the devil takes power” (Joseph Smith, Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, sel. Joseph Fielding Smith , 181).
Moses 4:12—The Choice
It is important to know that Adam and Eve did not fully understand the impact of their choice until the events recorded in the first verses of Moses 5. In other words, the choice Adam made was based on his faith that it was the right thing to do. He had never been mortal or out of the presence of God and could not be certain what the consequence of his choice would be.
Moses 4—The Fall
We cannot completely understand the importance of the Fall in Heavenly Father’s plan unless we understand that because of the Fall, Adam and Eve would die both physically and spiritually (see Moses 3:17). Spiritual death means to be shut out of the presence of God (see Moses 5:4). Physical death is the separation of the spirit and the body. Although Adam and Eve did not immediately die physically when they ate the fruit, a change occurred in them that would cause them to eventually die. Eventually, they would die physically just as God said. Adam and Eve did not have the power to overcome physical or spiritual death. Knowing these truths helps us understand why they, and we as their children, need a Savior and the Atonement. Adam and Eve were taught about the Atonement after the Fall. We read some of those teachings in Moses 5.
Studying the Scriptures
Heavenly Father’s Plan
Make a two-column chart in your notebook. Label the first column “Heavenly Father” and the second column “Satan.”
Under each column, write specific words and phrases from Moses 4:1–4 that describe Heavenly Father or Satan. As you do this exercise it might be helpful to know that Heavenly Father presented His plan of salvation to His spirit children in the premortal world before the events that are described in these four verses occurred. Heavenly Father explained that we would be out of His presence and that a Savior would be provided for our redemption.
Write a paragraph that tells how Jesus and Satan differ. For example, what is different about their desires?
Write a Journal Entry
Imagine you are Eve in the events of Moses 4. Write a journal entry as if you were Eve. Share the thoughts and feelings you would have had as you considered eating the fruit and what your motivations would have been when you finally ate it. Then write about how you would have felt after eating the fruit and about what the Lord said concerning the consequences of your choices.
Imagine you are Adam in the events of Moses 4. Write the thoughts and feelings you would have had when you found out Eve had eaten the fruit (see Moses 2:27–28; 3:23–24). Explain why you would have decided to eat the fruit—knowing the consequences (see Moses 3:16–17; 4:9), and how you would have felt about what the Lord said concerning the consequences of your choices. The following quotation may help you as you write: “Adam … was not deceived; on the contrary he deliberately decided to do as Eve desired, that he might carry out the purposes of his Maker” (James E. Talmage, Articles of Faith , 69–70).
Briefly describe what happened to Adam and Eve as they were sent out of the Garden of Eden. Read Alma 12:21–37; 42:2–28 and find reasons the Lord said He kept Adam and Eve from eating the fruit of the tree of life shortly after eating of the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
What do the reasons the Lord gave tell us about what things are important to do in this life?