Genesis 4; Moses 5: Sacrifice and the Family of Adam

Old Testament Seminary Student Study Guide, (2002), 14–15


Being cast out of Eden and the Lord’s presence must have been frightening for Adam and Eve. They had never experienced mortality. How could they return to the presence of God again?Like Adam and Eve, we are cut off from the presence of God, so the same question applies to us.Genesis tells the story of Adam and Eve being cast out of Eden and the presence of the Lord as if they had no hope of living in the Lord’s presence again.Fortunately, the book of Moses contains inspired additions to Genesis that tell how Adam was taught about the plan that was prepared before the creation of the world so he and his posterity could be redeemed, or freed, from the sin and death the Fall brought into the world.In addition to truths about redemption and the Atonement, Moses 5 contains an account of how Satan and his followers from the premortal life attempted to influence the family of Adam to reject the message of redemption through Christ. As you read, notice what happened to those who refused to listen to the counsel of the Lord and instead followed the counsel of Satan.

Understanding the Scriptures

Moses 5

By the sweat of his brow (v. 1)By his hard work 
Divide two and two (v. 3)Separate from their parents and marry (thus pairing up into twos) 
Offer … an offering (v. 5; see also vv. 18–21)To give a sacrifice to be burned 
Firstlings (vv. 5, 20)Firstborn lambs, cows, goats, and so on 
Save (v. 6)Except 
Similitude (v. 7)Likeness, a type or symbol 
Redeemed (v. 9)Saved from sin and death 
Seed (v. 11)Children 
Redemption (v. 11)To be freed from the results of sin and death 
Carnal (v. 13)Concerned with the needs, pleasures, and lusts of the body 
Sensual (v. 13)Concerned with the pleasures of the senses, or in other words, things you can touch, see, smell, and hear 
Damned (v. 15)Progress stopped 
Firm decree (v. 15)Statement that cannot be changed 
Conceived and bare (vv. 16–17, 42)Became pregnant and had a baby 
Had respect unto (v. 20)Approved of 
Wroth (vv. 21–22, 26, 38)Angry 
His countenance fell, countenance fall (vv. 21–22)He frowned, scowled 
Abominations (vv. 25, 52)Wicked actions 
Yield unto thee her strength (v. 37)Give you enough food 
Fugitive, vagabond (vv. 37, 39)Runaway, wanderer (meaning he was cut off from his family) 
Vengeance (v. 40)Punishment 
Artificer in (v. 46)Expert 
Avenged (v. 48)Satisfied, or to receive benefit from doing harm to, or injuring another 
Administered (v. 49)Given 
Ministered not unto (v. 52)Did not bless 
Despised (v. 54)Looked down on by others, hated 
Prevail (v. 55)Have a great influence 
Meridian of time (v. 57)High point or most important time (This phrase refers to the time when Jesus Christ would come and perform His atoning mission.) 
Confirmed (v. 59)Given 

Studying the Scriptures

Do at least three of the following activities (A–E) as you study Moses 5.

Activity A iconFinish These Sentences (See Moses 5:4–11.)

  1. 1.

    Adam offered sacrifices because …

  2. 2.

    Adam learned from the angel …

  3. 3.

    Adam and Eve realized …

Activity B iconMake a Comparison

In Moses 5:7–8, the angel explained to Adam what his sacrifices represented, and in Moses 5:9, the Holy Ghost explained the Savior’s role as the ultimate redeeming sacrifice. Answer the following questions in your notebook: (1) Although we don’t offer burnt sacrifices today, as Adam did, which ordinances do we participate in that serve the same purposes? (2) What do these ordinances have to do with redemption, doing all we do “in the name of the Son” (v. 8), and the sacrifice of the Only Begotten?

Adam and Eve praying at altar equal sign question mark

Adam’s Day

Our Day

Activity C iconGain Additional Understanding from the Book of Mormon

Moses 5:9–11 tells about some of the blessings Adam and Eve and their posterity received because of the Fall. Read 2 Nephi 2:19–27 and summarize what you learn from these two references about why the Fall of Adam and Eve was a necessary part of Heavenly Father’s plan and how the Fall is a blessing to us.

Activity D iconAnswer Cain’s Questions

Cain asked two important questions (see Moses 5:16, 34) that people today still ask. Write a letter explaining the correct answers to his questions.

Activity E iconThe Enticements of Satan

Read Moses 5:12–13 and consider Adam and Eve’s actions and Satan’s actions.

  1. 1.

    In what ways do you see Satan’s influence in a similar way today?

  2. 2.

    What did Satan not “advertise” in his enticements? (see Moses 5:41, 52–54; see also Alma 30:60).