Understanding the Scriptures
|Make straight (v. 3)||Literally, to make a level pathway; symbolically, to prepare the way before (This “straightening” was usually done to prepare a path for an important individual, such as a king.)|
|Withereth, fadeth (vv. 7–8)||Dies|
|Tidings (v. 9)||News|
|Meted out (v. 12)||Measured|
|Span (v. 12)||Width of his hand|
|Directed (v. 13)||Measured|
|Sufficient (v. 16)||Enough|
|Vanity (vv. 17, 23)||Worthless|
|Graven image (vv. 19–20)||Idol made with man’s hands and tools|
|Impoverished (v. 20)||Poor|
|Oblation (v. 20)||Offering (In this verse the offering is to a false god.)|
|Cunning (v. 20)||Skillful|
|Foundations (v. 21)||Beginnings|
|Stock (v. 24)||Tree trunk|
|Stubble (v. 24)||Short pieces of a plant remaining after it has been cut down or burned|
|Fainteth not (v. 28)||Doesn’t get weak|
|Faint (vv. 29–31)||Becoming physically weak, tired, or weary|
|Mount (v. 31)||Go up|
Studying the Scriptures
Do two of the three following activities (A–C) as you study Isaiah 40.
Help from the New Testament
Read JST, Luke 3:4–11 in the appendix of the LDS edition of the King James Bible.
Describe what Luke said Isaiah 40:3–5 applied to.
What additional information is found in the Joseph Smith Translation.
You may want to write this reference next to Isaiah 40:3–5.
Apply It to Yourself and Others
In what ways could you personally apply the message in Isaiah 40:3?
Describe a way you think verse 4 is or will be fulfilled in a spiritual and more personal way.
How could these verses apply to someone who is worried whether righteousness is worth the effort, if they personally can return to live with God, or what will happen in the future?
Answer Scriptural Questions
Isaiah 40:12–31 contains many questions that neither the Lord nor Isaiah answered because the answers should be obvious. Read the following verses and answer the questions to yourself: 12, 13, 14, 18, 21, 25, 27, 28. Write about what you think Isaiah’s message is in these verses.