Understanding the Scriptures
|Bring forth judgment (vv. 1, 3)||Make right any wrongs, bring about justice|
|Lift up (v. 2)||Shout|
|Have set judgment (v. 4)||Made right, see that justice is done|
|Daughter of the Chaldeans (v. 5)||People of Babylon|
|Lady of kingdoms (v. 5)||The greatest of kingdoms|
|Wroth (v. 6)||Angry|
|Ancient (v. 6)||Older people|
|Laid thy yoke (v. 6)||Put burdens|
|Lay these things to thy heart (v. 7)||Think about one’s situation|
|Remember the latter end of it (v. 7)||Think about the future|
|Art given (v. 8)||Attracted to, enticed by|
|Sorceries, enchantments (vv. 9, 12)||Practices of magical arts, dealings with false spirits, and predictions based on signs, motions of stars, and so on|
Isaiah 45:1—Who Was Cyrus?
As you read earlier in the Old Testament, the Babylonians conquered Judah between 600–586 B.C. In approximately 540 B.C., the Medo-Persian empire, under the direction of King Cyrus, conquered the Babylonians. Cyrus made a decree shortly thereafter that allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild their temple.
Studying the Scriptures
Do two of the following activities (A–D) as you study Isaiah 41–47.
Who Is It?
Help from the Joseph Smith Translation
Write a Note to a Friend
Write a note using at least two truths contained in Isaiah 43:1–7 that might bring hope to someone who is discouraged.
Find the Problem
Isaiah 47:5–10 compares Babylon to a queen who has lost her glory, and it explains why she fell.
List at least two phrases that describe why this “lady” fell. Tell in your own words what these phrases mean.
Write about a situation today in which someone could make the same mistakes as the “lady,” and tell what you think the consequences would be.
Note: This chapter is the beginning of several consecutive chapters quoted by the writers of the Book of Mormon. You may want to compare what is written in the Book of Mormon to what is written in Isaiah, making note of any changes and how those changes might add to the meaning. The Latter-day Saint edition of the Bible refers you to the Book of Mormon in the chapter summaries and in the footnotes.