Mormon 5: The Purpose of Mormon's Record

Book of Mormon Student Study Guide, (2000), 182


Mormon’s account of events during his days has been full of sorrow and despair, and unfortunately, because of their wickedness, life did not improve for the Nephites. Mormon took time in Mormon 5 to explain what he thought people in the latter days should learn from this tragic account.

Understanding the Scriptures

Mormon 5

Afflictions (v. 1)Troubles, suffering
Maintain (v. 4)Keep, hold, guard, protect
Harrow up (v. 8)Torment
Naught (v. 9)Nothing
Abridgment (v. 9)Shortened version
Calamity (v. 11)Tragedy, disaster
Intent (v. 14)Purpose
Seed (v. 15)Descendants
Loathsome (v. 15)Hated, disgusting, repulsive
Chaff (vv. 16, 18)The light outer shell of a kernel of grain
Vessel (v. 18)Boat

Studying the Scriptures

Do activity A or B as you study Mormon 5.

Activity A iconPurposes of the Book of Mormon

  1. 1.

    In Mormon 5:14–15, Mormon gave reasons why the Book of Mormon would come forth in our day. List those purposes in your notebook.

  2. 2.

    To your list, add the purposes found in 1 Nephi 13:40; 2 Nephi 3:12; Doctrine and Covenants 3:19–20; 10:48–52, 62–63; 20:11–12.

Activity B icon“Dear Gentiles …”

Mormon knew that the gentile nations in the latter days would have his words. He specifically wrote to them a large portion of Mormon 5:9–24. Summarize Mormon’s message for the Gentiles by writing in your own words a letter that is addressed “To the Gentiles in the last days.” As you write, notice that Mormon wrote about the Gentiles as well as to the Gentiles.

Mormon with plates
Joseph Smith with plates