Understanding the Scriptures
|Blemish (v. 5)||Defect or fault|
|Keep it up (v. 6)||Take care of it|
|Strike (vv. 7, 22)||Put, hit, mark|
|Flesh (v. 8)||Meat|
|Unleavened bread (vv. 8, 15, 17–18, 20)||Bread made without yeast|
|Bitter herbs (v. 8)||Plants that taste bitter|
|Sodden … with water (v. 9)||Boiled|
|Loins girded (v. 11)||Putting a belt around one’s cloak|
|Execute judgment (v. 12)||Judge|
|By an ordinance (vv. 14, 17)||As a sacred ritual or permanent law|
|Leaven (vv. 15, 19)||Yeast|
|Save (v. 16)||Except|
|Even (v. 18)||Sunset|
|Draw out (v. 21)||Select|
|Hyssop (v. 22)||An herb|
|Bason (v. 22)||Bowl-like container|
|Lintel (vv. 22–23)||Top crosspiece of a door frame|
|Suffer (v. 23)||Allow|
|Observe (v. 24)||Do, preserve or protect|
|Service (vv. 25–26)||Ceremony, ordinance|
|Were urgent (v. 33)||Eager for them to leave|
|Tarry (v. 39)||Stay|
|Victual (v. 39)||Food and other supplies|
|Sojourning, sojourn, sojourneth (vv. 40, 48–49)||Temporary dwelling, to live somewhere for a time|
|Hosts (v. 41)||People|
|Observed (v. 42)||Remembered and treasured|
|Stranger (v. 43)||Non-Israelite|
|Ought (v. 46)||Anything|
Exodus 11:2—Why Would the Lord Ask the Israelites to Borrow Things When They Were Leaving?
The word borrow is not used here the way we would normally use it. The Hebrew word for borrow means to ask or request. In other words, the Israelites asked payment for service they gave to the Egyptians over the years. Because of recent plagues, the Egyptians were soft enough in their hearts to give liberally (see Exodus 12:35–36). As you read further in Exodus, you will find out what the Lord will have them do with these riches.
Exodus 12:1–20—Animal Sacrifice a Similitude of Christ
President Joseph Fielding Smith said:
“When the Israelites left Egypt, the Lord gave them the passover. They were to take a lamb without blemish; they were not to break any of its bones. They were to kill it, cook it, and eat it with bitter herbs and unleavened bread. This feast they were to remember annually thereafter until Christ should come. This was also in the similitude of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ. If you stop to consider it, it was at the time of the passover that our Lord was taken and crucified in fulfillment of the promises that had been made that he would come to be our Redeemer.
“All these things point to his coming and to his ministry. In fact sacrifice goes right back to the days of Adam. Animal sacrifices were to be without blemish, for it was in the similitude of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, and pointed to his coming. We do not learn much in the Book of Genesis what sacrifice was for, because the plain things pertaining to sacrifice have been removed” (Doctrines of Salvation, comp. Bruce R. McConkie, 3 vols. [1954–56], 1:22).
Studying the Scriptures
Do activities A and B as you study Exodus 11–12.
Learn about Christ from the Passover
The Passover is a type, or symbol, of the Atonement of Jesus Christ. Make a chart like the one shown here. Using Exodus 12:1–20, 43–49, list the elements of the Passover and then write what you think those elements represent as they apply to Christ, His Atonement, and our deliverance through repentance from the bondage of sin and worldliness. The following scripture references may help you as you look for meanings to symbols: Jeremiah 51:6; John 19:30–36; 1 Peter 1:18–20; Mosiah 27:24–26; Alma 5:21, 27, 57; 34:8–10; Doctrine and Covenants 19:16–19, 31.
Try to find at least the following elements: new calendar, lamb (without blemish), blood on the doorposts, unleavened bread, eaten with bitter herbs. There is a small section in the front of this study guide entitled “Look for Types and Symbolic Meanings” (on p. 4) that will help you interpret or find the spiritual significance of scriptural symbols. The first two elements are provided for you as examples.
Elements of the Passover
Spiritual Significance or Interpretation
Calendar changed; the Passover marked the first month of the year
Through our repentance and the Atonement of Jesus Christ, we can make a “new beginning.”
The blood of the Lamb of God, or Jesus Christ, cleanses us if we repent.
What about Today?
Following His Resurrection, Jesus Christ gave instructions regarding sacrifices and offerings under the law of Moses.
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