Jeremiah 30: The Lord Promises Help

Old Testament Seminary Student Study Guide, (2002), 162


At the time the Babylonians conquered the kingdom of Judah and took them captive, the people of Judah wondered if God had forsaken them and the covenant He made with Abraham to give them the land of Canaan and to be a blessing to the rest of the world through the truths and blessings He gave them. They also questioned whether He had done away with the covenant He made to establish the descendants of David as kings in Israel (see 2 Samuel 7:13). Jeremiah 30–33 contains the Lord’s assurance to the children of Israel who were scattered and in captivity that He had not forsaken them or His covenants.Jeremiah was told to write rather than speak the prophecy in Jeremiah 30–33. Since Jeremiah was in jail at the time, the written word would still allow the words of a prophet to reach the people. Also, although the people did not listen to Jeremiah at the time this revelation was given, if it were written down the people who were in captivity might be more teachable and could read it at a later time. Also note that the prophesy is directed to both Judah and Israel. Israel was taken by the Assyrians over 120 years before the time the Lord gave Jeremiah the message in this chapter.As you read Jeremiah 30, look for what the Lord said about Judah’s captivity and what He would do for them if they would trust in Him. This message could also apply to someone captive to sin who feels lost to God. Perhaps he might feel the Lord had also forsaken him. As you read, look also for a personal message someone could get from this chapter.

Understanding the Scriptures

Jeremiah 30

Bring again the captivity (vv. 3, 18)Bring back from captivity 
Doth travail (v. 6)Be in labor 
Dismayed (v. 10)Worried, terrified 
Measure (v. 11)Justice 
Chastisement (v. 14)Correction 
Devour, devoured (v. 16)Conquered and destroyed 
Spoil (v. 16)Destroy 
Heap (v. 18)Ruins 
Aforetime (v. 20)Before 
Proceed (v. 21)Come 
Engaged (v. 21)Pledged 

Jeremiah 30:12–13—How Can the Lord Help Them If Their Wounds Are “Incurable”?

The Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible helps us understand that verse 12 should say the bruise is not incurable, although it is very bad. And in verse 13 of the Joseph Smith Translation, the Lord again indicated that Judah’s wounds were not incurable, but the people thought they were.

Jeremiah 30:9—Which King David Would the People Serve?

This “David” refers to the Messiah and King whom God promised would be David’s descendant. The promise was fulfilled at the coming of Jesus Christ and will be fulfilled again at the Second Coming.

Studying the Scriptures

Do activities A and B as you study Jeremiah 30.

Activity A iconList the Consequences

  1. 1.

    Read Jeremiah 30:5–7, 12–15 (including the Joseph Smith Translation in the footnotes) and describe what happened to the Israelites because they forsook their God and worshiped idols.

  2. 2.

    How are the consequences of idol worship like the consequences of sin today?

Activity B iconMake a Comparison

Read Jeremiah 30: 8–11, 16–17. How is what the Lord promised to do for Judah in captivity like what He could do to help someone captive to sin?