Understanding the Scriptures
|Hand (vv. 1–2, 9, 14)||Power|
|Prevailed (v. 2)||Stayed in power|
|Sown (v. 3)||Planted crops|
|Sustenance (v. 4)||Food|
|Greatly impoverished (v. 6)||Very poor|
|Oppressed (v. 9)||Persecuted|
|Threshed wheat (v. 11)||Separated wheat kernels from the outer casing of chaff|
|Befallen (v. 13)||Happened to|
|Kid (v. 19)||Young goat|
|Ephah (v. 19)||A little over a bushel (see Bible Dictionary, “weights and measures,” p. 789)|
|Flesh (vv. 19–21)||Meat|
|Consumed (v. 21)||Completely burned|
|Perceived (v. 22)||Realized|
|Fleece (vv. 37–40)||Piece or clump of the hide of a sheep or goat with the wool attached|
Judges 6:17—“Shew Me a Sign”
The Lord commands us not to seek signs; rather we are to exercise faith and obedience before receiving a witness (see Ether 12:6; D&C 63:7–12). In this case, Gideon was not so much seeking a sign as he was trying to determine if the messenger who visited him was a true messenger, since he lived in a day and time of false religions and worship and did not want to be deceived by a messenger from a false source.
|Pitched (v. 1)||Camped|
|Vaunt (v. 2)||Boast|
|Victuals (v. 8)||Food and provisions|
|Retained (v. 8)||Kept|
|Lay along (v. 13)||Collapsed|
|Save (v. 14)||Except|
|Companies (vv. 16, 20)||Groups|
|Pitchers (vv. 16, 19)||Jars|
|Beginning of the middle watch (v. 19)||After 10:00 P.M. (see Bible Dictionary, “watches,” p. 788)|
|Chide with (v. 1)||Contend|
|Gleaning (v. 2)||What is left after the harvesting is done|
|Vintage (v. 2)||Best grapes|
|Their anger was abated (v. 3)||They quit being angry.|
|Faint (vv. 4–5)||Tired and hungry|
|Secure (v. 11)||Not suspecting an attack|
|Discomfited (v. 12)||Defeated|
|Prey (v. 24)||Things that were captured|
|Ephod (v. 27)||A piece of clothing that fits over the neck, shoulders, and chest (see Bible Dictionary, “ephod,” p. 666)|
|Whoring after (vv. 27, 33)||Worshiping something instead of God|
|Subdued (v. 28)||Overcome|
|Of his body begotten (v. 30)||That he fathered|
|Concubine (v. 31)||A woman who was a servant and was also married to her master|
Studying the Scriptures
Do three of the following activities (A–E) as you study Judges 6–8.
First Things First
According to Judges 6:25–32, what was the first thing Gideon did as he attempted to deliver the Israelites from the Midianites?
Why do you think the Lord commanded Gideon to do this first?
What Do You Think?
Why do you think the Lord reduced the size of the Israelite army before they went to battle?
Finish These Sentences
Finish these sentences in your own words by using what you learned in Judges 7.
Gideon chose the 300 men who …
A man told Gideon about his dream in which …
The men in the army used their pitchers and trumpets to …
Imagine you were selected to nominate Gideon as king of Israel. What would you say about him to convince others he would make a good king?
Write what you think Gideon would say after you nominated him (see Judges 8:22–23).
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