Moses 5:16–54: Cain Loved Satan More than God

The Pearl of Great Price: Teacher Manual, (2000), 22–23


Some Important Principles, Doctrines, and Events

Suggestions for Teaching

Moses 5:16–28. Cain and His Offering

Have students find phrases in Moses 5:16–28that describe Cain and his offering. Ask: How did Cain feel about the Lord? Why did Cain make an offering? What did he offer? Discuss why God did not accept his offering (see also the commentary for Moses 5:18–21in the student manual, p. 17). Ask: Why was Satan pleased? Why was Cain angry?

Moses 5:21–28. Cain Was Warned

Have students read Moses 5:22–26looking for the role of agency in Cain’s decision to rebel. Ask students why Cain was wroth at his punishment. What caused this punishment to come upon Cain? Review with students the commentary for Moses 5:23–26in the student manual (pp. 17–18). Testify that Cain, like all of us, was accountable for the exercise of his agency.

Moses 5:29–35. Cain Killed Abel

Have students read Moses 5:29–33and discuss the events that took place before Cain slew Abel. Read verse 33 and ask students what they think Cain meant when he said he was “free” (see also the commentary for Moses 5:33in the student manual, p. 18). Read verses 34–35 and ask why we cannot hide our sins from the Lord (see also Proverbs 15:3; 2 Nephi 9:20; 27:27; Alma 39:8; D&C 1:3). Discuss the blessings that come to those who realize they cannot hide their sins from God.

Cain and Abel

Moses 5:36–41. The Lord Cursed Cain

List the curses that the Lord placed upon Cain, as described in Moses 5:36–37, 41. Discuss what Cain said in verses 38–39 when God cursed him. Compare Cain’s response to the responses of Adam and Eve after they partook of the fruit (see Moses 4:18–29; 5:10–11). Why do the wicked and the righteous respond differently when confronted with their own sins? (see also 1 Nephi 16:1–3).

Moses 5:42–54. Cain’s Descendants Were Wicked

Have students read Moses 5:42–54and list the wicked deeds of Cain’s descendants. How were Lamech and Irad related? What happened to Lamech and why? Remind students that wicked parents share the responsibility for the sins of their children (see Ezekiel 18:20; 2 Nephi 4:3–7; D&C 68:25). Have students read 1 Nephi 17:33–41and discuss why the Lord curses, or punishes, the wicked and blesses and makes covenants with the righteous.