Some Important Principles, Doctrines, and Events
Our Heavenly Father has a plan for the salvation of His children. As part of this plan, Jesus Christ is the Savior of all mankind (see Moses 4:1–2; see also 2 Nephi 2:25–26; Alma 12:32–33; 22:13–14; Moses 6:62).
Jesus Christ wanted to help fulfill the Father’s plan, without taking the Father’s glory. Lucifer rebelled against Heavenly Father’s plan (see Moses 4:1–3; see also 3 Nephi 11:11; D&C 76:25–26; Abraham 3:27–28).
Suggestions for Teaching
Media Suggestion. “The Fall”
Old Testament Videopresentation 6, “The Fall” (4:40), can be used to introduce Moses 4.
Have students read 2 Nephi 2:15, marking the phrase it must needs be that there was an opposition. Then have five students read aloud the story of the Fall in Moses 4:5–31, taking the parts of the narrator, Satan, Eve, Adam, and the Lord God. Read Moses 1:39and discuss ways that Satan’s actions assisted the Lord in accomplishing His purposes.
Moses 4:1–2. Our Father’s Plan of Salvation
Have students read Moses 4:1–2looking for how the Savior and Satan responded to Heavenly Father’s plan of salvation. Review the quotation from Elder Neal A. Maxwell of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in the commentary for Moses 4:1–2in the student manual (p. 12). Have students explain what we must do, and what Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ have done, for us to be saved.
Moses 4:2. “My Beloved and Chosen from the Beginning”
Tell students that one of the names for Jesus Christ is “the Firstborn.” Have them find scripture references in the Topical Guide (at the back of the LDS edition of the King James Bible, under “Jesus Christ, Firstborn,” p. 247) that use the title Firstborn.Explain that Jesus was the firstborn spirit child of our Heavenly Father in the premortal existence, thus becoming our Eldest Brother. From the beginning He has held the preeminent position before the Father (see Colossians 1:13–15; D&C 93:21).
Media Suggestion. “Pride”
Book of Mormon Videopresentation 6, “Pride” (9:45), can be used to demonstrate Satan’s character (see Book of Mormon Video Guide[1997; item 34810] for teaching suggestions).
Invite students to contrast the desires of Satan with the desires of Jesus Christ (“my Beloved Son”) in Moses 4:1–2. Why did Satan rebel against God the Father, Jesus Christ, and the Father’s plan of salvation? Read the commentary for Moses 4:4in the student manual (p. 12). Ask: How can understanding the desires of Satan and Jesus Christ help us understand our own relationship with God?
Moses 4:1–6. The Devil
Have students study the following scriptures and make a list of the truths these verses teach about Satan: Isaiah 14:12–15; 2 Nephi 2:17–18; Alma 30:53, 60; Doctrine and Covenants 10:22–27; 29:36–40; 76:25–29; Moses 4:1–6. How can knowing the truth about the devil help us?
Media Suggestion. “Spiritual Crocodiles”
Book of Mormon Videopresentation 5, “Spiritual Crocodiles” (8:24), can be used to illustrate some of the tactics of Satan (see Book of Mormon Video Guidefor teaching suggestions).
Moses 4:3. Preserving the Agency of Man
Have students review Moses 4:1–3and explain Satan’s plan for the salvation of Heavenly Father’s children. Ask students why they think Satan wanted to destroy our agency, or freedom to choose how to act. In what ways do men sometimes try to control others, as Satan did? Review Doctrine and Covenants 121:34–46and list the principles of the priesthood that help preserve the agency of man (see also Matthew 20:26; John 13:15; Mosiah 18:24–26; Alma 13:10–11).
Media Suggestion. “The Plan of Salvation”
Old Testament Videopresentation 4, “The Plan of Salvation” (7:17), can be used to give an overview of the plan of salvation (see Old Testament Video Guidefor teaching suggestions).
Moses 4:4. Satan’s Power
Read Moses 4:4and ask: What is the difference between being deceived and being blinded? How would leading us “captive at his will” achieve for Satan his main objective in obtaining the Father’s honor and power? (see D&C 29:29, 36). Who are the only ones that Satan will not be able to deceive or blind? What does “hearken unto my voice” mean? Ask: How many people today know that God has spoken, and is speaking, in our time? Of that group, how many are listening? And of those, how many are hearkening? Why is missionary work and following the living prophets so important?