On the southwestern side of the plain of Esdraelon, and on the caravan route from Egypt to Damascus. Frequently mentioned in Israelite history. The scene of Sisera’s defeat (Judg. 5:19). Fortified by Solomon (1 Kgs. 9:15). The place where Ahaziah died of his wounds (2 Kgs. 9:27). Also the scene of the tragic defeat and death of King Josiah (23:29–30; 2 Chr. 35:22). In Zech. 12:11 the place is called “the valley of Megiddon.” See also Armageddon; Esdraelon.