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Zadok

Righteous. The priest (2 Sam. 8:17; 15:24–36; 17:15; 18:19, 27; 19:11; 20:25). He belonged to the family of Eleazar (1 Chr. 6:4–8). During the latter years of Saul’s reign there seems to have been a double high priesthood: Abiathar, who belonged to the family of Ithamar, officiating in David’s camp, and Zadok at Gibeon, where the tabernacle was standing. This arrangement continued after David’s accession, but during the rebellion of Adonijah, Abiathar joined the rebels, while Zadok remained faithful to David (1 Kgs. 1:8, 26). He anointed Solomon (1:32–45); and was finally put in the room of Abiathar. See 1 Kgs. 2:35; 4:2, 4; 1 Chr. 6:8, 53; 12:28; 15:11; 16:39; 18:16; 24:3, 6, 31; 27:17; 29:22; 2 Chr. 31:10; Ezra 7:2; Ezek. 40:46; 43:19; 44:15; 48:11. He is probably the same as in 1 Chr. 6:12; 9:11; Neh. 11:11; others are in 2 Kgs. 15:33; 2 Chr. 27:1; Neh. 3:4, 29; 10:21; 13:13.