12. Jerusalem at the Time of Jesus

Bible map 12(click to view larger)
  1. Golgotha A possible site for Jesus’ crucifixion (Matt. 27:33–37).

  2. Garden Tomb A possible site for the tomb in which the body of Jesus was placed (John 19:38–42). The risen Christ appeared to Mary Magdalene in the garden outside His tomb (John 20:1–17).

  3. Antonia Fortress Jesus may have been accused, condemned, mocked, and scourged at this site (John 18:28–19:16). Paul was arrested and recounted the story of his conversion (Acts 21:31–22:21).

  4. Pool of Bethesda Jesus healed an invalid on the Sabbath (John 5:2–9).

  5. Temple Gabriel promised Zacharias that Elisabeth would bear a son (Luke 1:5–25). The veil of the temple was rent at the death of the Savior (Matt. 27:51).

  6. Solomon’s Porch Jesus proclaimed that He was the Son of God. The Jews attempted to stone Him (John 10:22–39). Peter preached repentance after healing a lame man (Acts 3:11–26).

  7. Gate Beautiful Peter and John healed a lame man (Acts 3:1–10).

  8. Pinnacle of the Temple Jesus was tempted by Satan (Matt. 4:5–7). (A likely location for this event.)

  9. Holy Mount (unspecified locations)

    1. Tradition holds that here Abraham built an altar for the sacrifice of Isaac (Gen. 22:9–14).

    2. Solomon built the temple (1 Kgs. 6:1–10; 2 Chr. 3:1).

    3. The Babylonians destroyed the temple in about 587 B.C. (2 Kgs. 25:8–9).

    4. Zerubbabel rebuilt the temple in about 515 B.C. (Ezra 3:8–10; 5:2; 6:14–16).

    5. Herod expanded the temple plaza and rebuilt the temple starting in 17 B.C. Jesus was presented as a baby (Luke 2:22–39).

    6. At age 12, Jesus taught in the temple (Luke 2:41–50).

    7. Jesus cleansed the temple (Matt. 21:12–16; John 2:13–17).

    8. Jesus taught in the temple on several occasions (Matt. 21:23–23:39; John 7:14–8:59).

    9. The Romans under Titus destroyed the temple in A.D. 70.

  10. Garden of Gethsemane Jesus suffered, was betrayed, and was arrested (Matt. 26:36–46; Luke 22:39–54).

  11. Mount of Olives

    1. Jesus foretold the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple. He also spoke of the Second Coming (Matt. 24:3–25:46; see also JS—M).

    2. From here Jesus ascended into heaven (Acts 1:9–12).

    3. On October 24, 1841, Elder Orson Hyde dedicated the Holy Land for the return of the children of Abraham.

  12. Gihon Spring Solomon was anointed king (1 Kgs. 1:38–39). Hezekiah had a tunnel dug to bring water from the spring into the city (2 Chr. 32:30).

  13. Water Gate Ezra read and interpreted the law of Moses to the people (Neh. 8:1–8).

  14. Hinnom Valley The false god Molech was worshipped, which included child sacrifice (2 Kgs. 23:10; 2 Chr. 28:3).

  15. House of Caiaphas Jesus was taken before Caiaphas (Matt. 26:57–68). Peter denied that he knew Jesus (Matt. 26:69–75).

  16. Upper Room The traditional location where Jesus ate the Passover meal and instituted the sacrament (Matt. 26:20–30). He washed the feet of the Apostles (John 13:4–17) and taught them (John 13:18–17:26).

  17. Herod’s Palace Christ was taken before Herod, possibly at this location (Luke 23:7–11).

  18. Jerusalem (unspecified locations)

    1. Melchizedek ruled as king of Salem (Gen. 14:18).

    2. King David captured the city from the Jebusites (2 Sam. 5:7; 1 Chr. 11:4–7).

    3. The city was destroyed by the Babylonians in about 587 B.C. (2 Kgs. 25:1–11).

    4. The Holy Ghost filled many on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1–4).

    5. Peter and John were arrested and brought before the council (Acts 4:1–23).

    6. Ananias and Sapphira lied to the Lord and died (Acts 5:1–10).

    7. Peter and John were arrested, but an angel delivered them from prison (Acts 5:17–20).

    8. The Apostles chose seven men to assist them (Acts 6:1–6).

    9. Stephen’s testimony to the Jews was rejected, and he was stoned to death (Acts 6:8–7:60).

    10. James was martyred (Acts 12:1–2).

    11. An angel freed Peter from prison (Acts 12:5–11).

    12. The Apostles decided the issue of circumcision (Acts 15:5–29).

    13. The Romans under Titus destroyed the city in A.D. 70.