8. Jerusalem

photograph 8(click to view larger)

Looking northward over Jerusalem. In the center of the picture is a Muslim shrine with a gold-covered dome, called the Dome of the Rock. The Jews worshipped anciently in the temple located here. The walls near the Dome of the Rock surround the old city of Jerusalem. On the right of the wall is the Kidron Valley. On the far right, outside the photograph, is the Mount of Olives. To the north, beyond the Dome of the Rock, is a possible site of Golgotha, or Calvary.

Significant Events: Jerusalem was called Salem anciently (Ps. 76:2). Abraham paid tithes to Melchizedek (Gen. 14:18–20). Abraham came to sacrifice Isaac (Gen. 22:2–14). King David captured Jerusalem from the Jebusites (2 Sam. 5:4–9). King Solomon built a temple (1 Kgs. 6–7). Lehi left to go to a land of promise (1 Ne. 1:4; 2). The Savior ministered, atoned for our sins, and was resurrected (Matt. 21–28). As the Savior prophesied, Jerusalem was destroyed shortly after His death (JS—M 1:3–20). Jerusalem will be invaded in the last days (Ezek. 38–39; Joel 2–3; Rev. 11; 16). The Savior will appear here as part of His Second Coming (Zech. 12–14; D&C 45:48–53). (See BD Jerusalem; Salem.)