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Chronology

The following chronology, or list of events, is not comprehensive and is meant only to give the reader a sense of the sequence of events in biblical and Book of Mormon times:

Events in the days of the early patriarchs: (Because of the difficulty in determining exact dates for the events in this section, dates are not given.)

B.C. (or B.C.E.—Before Common Era)

4000

Adam fell.

 

Enoch ministered.

 

Noah ministered; the earth was flooded.

 

The Tower of Babel was built; the Jaredites traveled to the Promised Land.

 

Melchizedek ministered.

 

Noah died.

 

Abram (Abraham) was born.

 

Isaac was born.

 

Jacob was born.

 

Joseph was born.

 

Joseph was sold into Egypt.

 

Joseph appeared before Pharaoh.

 

Jacob (Israel) and his family went down to Egypt.

 

Jacob (Israel) died.

 

Joseph died.

 

Moses was born.

 

Moses led the children of Israel out of Egypt (the Exodus).

 

Moses was translated.

 

Joshua died.

 

After Joshua died, the period of the judges began, the first judge being Othniel and the last Samuel; the order and dates of the rest are very uncertain.

 

Saul was anointed king.

Events of the United Kingdom of Israel:

1095

Saul’s reign began.

1063

David was anointed king by Samuel.

1055

David became king in Hebron.

1047

David became king in Jerusalem; Nathan and Gad prophesied.

1015

Solomon became king of all Israel.

991

The temple was finished.

975

Solomon died; the ten northern tribes revolted against Rehoboam, his son, and Israel was divided.

Events of Israel:

Events of Judah:

Events in Book of Mormon History:

975

Jeroboam was king of Israel.

       
   

949

Shishak, king of Egypt, plundered Jerusalem.

   

875

Ahab ruled in Samaria over northern Israel; Elijah prophesied.

       

851

Elisha worked great miracles.

       

792

Amos prophesied.

       

790

Jonah and Hosea prophesied.

       
   

740

Isaiah began to prophesy. (Rome was founded; Nabonassar was king of Babylon in 747; Tiglath-pileser Ⅲ was king of Assyria from 747 to 734.)

   
   

728

Hezekiah was king of Judah. (Shalmaneser Ⅳ was king of Assyria.)

   

721

The Northern Kingdom was destroyed; the ten tribes were taken into captivity; Micah prophesied.

       
   

642

Nahum prophesied.

   
   

628

Jeremiah and Zephaniah prophesied.

   
   

609

Obadiah prophesied; Daniel was carried away captive to Babylon. (Nineveh fell in 606; Nebuchadnezzar was king of Babylon from 604 to 561.)

   
       

600

Lehi left Jerusalem.

   

598

Ezekiel prophesied in Babylon; Habakkuk prophesied; Zedekiah was king of Judah.

   
       

588

Mulek departed from Jerusalem for the promised land.

       

588

Nephites separated themselves from the Lamanites (between 588 and 570).

   

587

Nebuchadnezzar captured Jerusalem.

   

Events in Jewish History:

Events in Book of Mormon History:

537

Cyrus decreed that the Jews could return from Babylon.

   

520

Haggai and Zechariah prophesied.

   

486

Esther lived.

   

458

Ezra was commissioned to make reforms.

   

444

Nehemiah was appointed governor of Judea.

   

432

Malachi prophesied.

   
   

400

Jarom received the plates.

   

360

Omni received the plates.

332

Alexander the Great conquered Syria and Egypt.

   

323

Alexander died.

   

277

The Septuagint, the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek, was begun.

   

167

Mattathias the Maccabee revolted against Syria.

   

166

Judas Maccabaeus became leader of the Jews.

   

165

The temple was cleansed and rededicated; Hanukkah originated.

   

161

Judas Maccabaeus died.

   
   

148

Abinadi was martyred; Alma reestablished the Church among the Nephites.

   

124

Benjamin gave his final speech to the Nephites.

   

100

Alma the Younger and the sons of Mosiah began their work.

   

91

The reign of the judges began among the Nephites.

63

Pompey conquered Jerusalem, and the rule of the Maccabees ended in Israel.

   

51

Cleopatra reigned.

   

41

Herod and Phasael were made joint tetrarchs of Judea.

   

37

Herod became leader in Jerusalem.

   

31

The Battle of Actium was fought; Augustus was emperor of Rome from 31 B.C. to A.D. 14.

   

30

Cleopatra died.

   

17

Herod restored the temple.

   
   

6

Samuel the Lamanite prophesied of Christ’s birth.

Events in Christian History:

Events in Book of Mormon History:

A.D. (or C.E.—Common Era)

A.D. (or C.E.)

 

Birth of Jesus Christ.

   

30

Christ’s ministry began.

   

33

Christ was crucified.

33 or 34

The resurrected Christ appeared in America.

35

Paul was converted.

   

45

Paul took his first missionary journey.

   

58

Paul was sent to Rome.

   

61

The history of the Acts of the Apostles closed.

   

62

Rome was burned; Christians were persecuted under Nero.

   

70

Christians retired to Pella; Jerusalem was sieged and captured.

   

95

Christians were persecuted by Domitian.

   
   

385

The Nephite nation was destroyed.

   

421

Moroni hid the plates.