A Roman form of execution, common during New Testament times, in which the person was put to death by tying or nailing his hands and feet to a cross. It was usually done only to slaves and the lowest criminals. Crucifixion was often preceded by scourging or whipping (Mark 15:15). The person being crucified was usually made to carry his own cross to the place of execution (John 19:16–17). His clothing was usually taken by the soldiers who carried out the sentence (Matt. 27:35). The cross was driven into the ground so that the feet of the person were only a foot or two above the ground. The cross was watched by soldiers until the person on the cross died, which sometimes took up to three days (John 19:31–37).
Jesus Christ was crucified because a group of unbelievers falsely charged him with sedition against Caesar and blasphemy because he said he was the Son of God. A purple robe (John 19:2), a crown of thorns, and other insults were given to Jesus (Matt. 26:67; Mark 14:65).
- The wicked will pierce the hands and feet of the Messiah:Ps. 22:11–18;
- Christ will go as a lamb to the slaughter:Isa. 53:7;
- Jesus foretold his crucifixion:Matt. 20:18–19;
- Christ’s crucifixion is described:Matt. 27:22–50; ( Mark 15:22–37; Luke 23:26–46; John 19:17–30; )
- Nephi saw in vision the crucifixion of the Lamb of God:1 Ne. 11:33;
- Nephi told of Christ’s sufferings and crucifixion:1 Ne. 19:9–14;
- Jacob told of the ministry and crucifixion of the Holy One of Israel:2 Ne. 6:9;
- Tempests, earthquakes, fires, and whirlwinds in America attested the crucifixion of Christ in Jerusalem:3 Ne. 8;
- I am Jesus who was crucified:D&C 45:51–52;
- The ministry of Christ among the spirits in prison was limited to the time between his death and resurrection:D&C 138:27;