See also Abraham; Hagar
In the Old Testament, a son of Abraham and Hagar, Sarah’s Egyptian handmaid (Gen. 16:11–16). The Lord promised both Abraham and Hagar that Ishmael would become the father of a great nation (Gen. 21:8–21).
The covenant came through Isaac rather than Ishmael, Gen. 17:19–21 (Gal. 4:22–5:1).
God blessed Ishmael that he would be fruitful, Gen. 17:20.
Ishmael helped bury Abraham, Gen. 25:8–9.
Ishmael’s twelve sons were named, Gen. 25:12–16.
Ishmael died, Gen. 25:17–18.
Esau took Ishmael’s daughter, Mahalath, to be his wife, Gen. 28:9.