In the Old Testament, the second son of Jacob and his wife Leah (Gen. 29:33; 35:23; Ex. 1:2). He joined Levi in the massacre of the Shechemites (Gen. 34:25–31). Jacob’s prophecy concerning Simeon is found in Genesis 49:5–7.
The descendants of Simeon often dwelt with the tribe of Judah and within the borders of the kingdom of Judah (Josh. 19:1–9; 1 Chr. 4:24–33). The tribe of Simeon joined Judah in battle against the Canaanites (Judg. 1:3, 17). They also later joined David’s armies (1 Chr. 12:25).