Paul explains how the law of election (foreordination) operates—The people of Israel are chosen (foreordained) to receive the adoption, covenants, promises, and blessings of the gospel; yet they are not all Israel who are of Israel—They must seek their blessings by faith—The Gentiles also attain to righteousness and salvation by faith.
2 That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart.
5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the aflesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
8 That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the achildren of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.
9 For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sara shall have a ason.
10 And not only this; but when aRebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac;
11 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to aelection might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;)
12 It was said unto her, The aelder shall serve the younger.
13 As it is written, Jacob have I aloved, but Esau have I hated.
15 For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have acompassion on whom I will have compassion.
16 So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth amercy.
17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same apurpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.
19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will?
21 Hath not the apotter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?
22 What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to adestruction:
24 Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
26 And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the achildren of the living God.
28 For he will finish the work, and cut it short in arighteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth.
30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the arighteousness which is of faith.
31 But aIsrael, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness.