Home teaching is the responsibility of all Melchizedek Priesthood holders and of those who are teachers and priests in the Aaronic Priesthood. As part of their responsibility to watch over the members of the Church, home teachers visit their assigned families at least once each month to teach and strengthen them. Home teachers establish a relationship of trust with these families so that the families can call upon them in times of need.
In an address given at a general priesthood meeting of the Church, President Ezra Taft Benson taught:
“I feel impressed to speak to you about a priesthood program that has been inspired from its inception—a program that touches hearts, that changes lives, and that saves souls; a program that has the stamp of approval of our Father in Heaven; a program so vital that, if faithfully followed, it will help to spiritually renew the Church and exalt its individual members and families.
“I am speaking about priesthood home teaching. With all my heart, I pray that you will understand, by the Spirit, exactly my feelings about home teaching.
“Brethren, home teaching is not just another program. It is the priesthood way of watching over the Saints and accomplishing the mission of the Church. Home teaching is not just an assignment. It is a sacred calling.
“Home teaching is not to be undertaken casually. A home teaching call is to be accepted as if extended to you personally by the Lord Jesus Christ.
“The Savior Himself was a teacher. The only perfect man to walk the face of the earth was a humble, dedicated, inspired teacher who brought to His followers salvation and exaltation.
“Oh, that all the brethren of the Church would catch that vision of home teaching!
“Tonight I am not teaching new doctrine, but I am reaffirming old doctrine. Quoting from section 20 of the Doctrine and Covenants, revealed to the Prophet Joseph in April of 1830, the Lord declared to the priesthood:
“‘Watch over the church always, and be with and strengthen them;
“‘And see that there is no iniquity in the church.
“‘And see that the church meet together often, and also see that all the members do their duty’ (D&C 20:53-55).
“‘And visit the house of each member, exhorting them to pray vocally and in secret and attend to all family duties’ (D&C 20:51).
“Brethren, that is priesthood home teaching” (“To the Home Teachers of the Church,” Ensign, May 1987, 48-49).